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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 18

of 'Cardiotoxicity of radiation therapy for Hodgkin lymphoma and pediatric malignancies'

18
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Diastolic dysfunction after mediastinal irradiation.
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Heidenreich PA, Hancock SL, Vagelos RH, Lee BK, Schnittger I
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Am Heart J. 2005;150(5):977.
 
BACKGROUND: Mediastinal irradiation is known to cause cardiac disease, but its effect on left ventricular diastolic function is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction and its association with prognosis in asymptomatic patients after mediastinal irradiation.
METHODS: We recruited 294 patients who had received at least 35 Gy to the mediastinum for treatment of Hodgkin disease. Each patient underwent resting echocardiography, stress echocardiography, and nuclear scintigraphy. Survival free from cardiac events was determined during 3.2 years of follow-up.
RESULTS: The mean age of the included patients was 42 years, and 49% were male. Adequate measurements of diastolic function were obtained in 282 (97%) patients. Diastolic dysfunction was considered mild in 26 (9%) and moderate in 14 (5%). Exercise-induced ischemia was more common in patients with diastolic dysfunction (23%) than those with normal diastolic function (11%, P = .008). After adjustment for patient demographics, clinical characteristics, and radiation history, patients with diastolic dysfunction had worse event-free survivalthan patients with normal function (hazard ratio 1.66, 95% CI 1.06-2.4).
CONCLUSIONS: There is a high prevalence of diastolic dysfunction in asymptomatic patients after mediastinal irradiation, and the presence of diastolic dysfunction is associated with stress-induced ischemia and a worse prognosis. Screening with Doppler echocardiography may be helpful in identifying patients at risk for subsequent cardiac events.
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Cardiology Section, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA. pah@smi.stanford.edu
PMID