Medline ® Abstract for Reference 38
of 'Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS): Clinical features and diagnosis'
New advances in the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome.
Curr Opin Pediatr. 2012;24(1):1.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a disorder of disrupted lymphocyte homeostasis, resulting from mutations in the Fas apoptotic pathway. Clinical manifestations include lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and autoimmune cytopenias. A number of new insights have improved the understanding of the genetics and biology of ALPS. These will be discussed in this review.
RECENT FINDINGS: A number of key observations have been made recently that better define the pathophysiology of ALPS, including the characterization of somatic FAS variant ALPS, the identification of haploinsufficiency as a mechanism of decreased Fas expression, and the description of multiple genetic hits in FAS in some families that may explain the variable penetrance of the disease. In addition, ALPS has been shown to be a more common condition, as patients diagnosed with other disorders, including Evans syndrome and common variable immune deficiency, have been found to have ALPS. Finally, the treatment of the disease has changed as splenectomy and rituximab have been shown to have unexpected ALPS-specific toxicities, and mycophenolate mofetil and sirolimus have been demonstrated to have marked activity against the disease.
SUMMARY: On the basis of novel advances, the diagnostic algorithm and recommended treatment for ALPS have changed significantly, improving quality of life for many patients.
Division of Pediatric Hematology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. teacheyd@E-Mail.chop.edu