Autism spectrum disorder in children and adolescents: Overview of management
- Laura Weissman, MD
Laura Weissman, MD
- Instructor in Pediatrics
- Harvard Medical School
- Carolyn Bridgemohan, MD
Carolyn Bridgemohan, MD
- Section Editor — Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
- Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
- Harvard Medical School
- Section Editors
- Marilyn Augustyn, MD
Marilyn Augustyn, MD
- Section Editor — Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
- Associate Professor
- Boston University School of Medicine
- Marc C Patterson, MD, FRACP
Marc C Patterson, MD, FRACP
- Section Editor — Pediatric Neurology
- Professor of Neurology, Pediatrics, and Medical Genetics
- Chair, Division of Child and Adolescent Neurology
- Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a biologically based neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in two major domains: 1) deficits in social communication and social interaction and 2) restricted repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities . ASD encompasses disorders previously known as autistic disorder (classic autism, sometimes called early infantile autism, childhood autism, or Kanner's autism), childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified, and Asperger disorder (also known as Asperger syndrome). (See "Autism spectrum disorder: Diagnosis", section on 'Diagnostic criteria' and "Asperger syndrome (a specific autism spectrum disorder): Clinical features and diagnosis in children and adolescents" and "Asperger syndrome (a specific autism spectrum disorder): Management and prognosis in children and adolescents".)
This topic will provide an overview of the treatment of ASD. Related topics are presented separately:
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- GENERAL PRINCIPLES
- Early intervention
- Specialist involvement
- Treatment setting
- TREATMENT MODALITIES
- Behavioral and educational interventions
- Psychopharmacologic interventions
- Complementary and alternative therapies
- ROLE OF THE PRIMARY CARE PROVIDER
- Early identification
- Medical home
- - Office visits
- - Routine care
- - Surveillance for comorbidities
- - Access to care
- Family support
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS