Contents Authors and Editors Nephrology and Hypertension
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Authors and Editors in Nephrology and Hypertension

Editors-in-Chief



George L Bakris, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Hypertension
  • Professor of Medicine
  • The University of Chicago

Jeffrey S Berns, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Daniel C Brennan, MD, FACP
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Renal Transplantation
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Medical Director and Co-Director of the Comprehensive Transplant Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology
  • Johns Hopkins Medical School

Michael Emmett, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
  • Chief of Internal Medicine
  • Baylor University Medical Center

Richard J Glassock, MD, MACP
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Emeritus Professor
  • The David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Stanley Goldfarb, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Mineral and Bone Metabolism; Renal Ureteral Stones
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Norman M Kaplan, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Hypertension
  • Clinical Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Steve J Schwab, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Chancellor
  • University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Richard H Sterns, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
  • Professor Emeritus
  • University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry

Deputy Editors



John P Forman, MD, MSc
  • Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Nephrology
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Albert Q Lam, MD
  • Deputy Editor — Nephrology
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Alice M Sheridan, MD
  • Deputy Editor — Nephrology
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Section Editors



Gerald B Appel, MD
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

George L Bakris, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Hypertension
  • Professor of Medicine
  • The University of Chicago

Jeffrey S Berns, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Daniel C Brennan, MD, FACP
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Renal Transplantation
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Medical Director and Co-Director of the Comprehensive Transplant Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology
  • Johns Hopkins Medical School

John M Burkart, MD
  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Professor of Medicine/Nephrology
  • Wake Forest University Medical Center

Gary C Curhan, MD, ScD
  • Section Editor — Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Editor-in-Chief Emeritus
  • Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael Emmett, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
  • Chief of Internal Medicine
  • Baylor University Medical Center

Fernando C Fervenza, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Richard J Glassock, MD, MACP
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Emeritus Professor
  • The David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Stanley Goldfarb, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Mineral and Bone Metabolism; Renal Ureteral Stones
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Thomas A Golper, MD
  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Lee A Hebert, MD
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Ohio State University
  • Wexner College of Medicine and Public Health

Norman M Kaplan, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Hypertension
  • Clinical Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Jonathan B Kruskal, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Kidney Disease
  • Professor of Radiology
  • Harvard Medical School

Christophe Legendre, MD
  • Section Editor — Renal Transplantation
  • Professor of Nephrology
  • Université Paris Descartes
  • Head of the Adult Nephrology and Transplantation Unit
  • Hôpital Necker

Barbara Murphy, MB, BAO, BCh, FRCPI
  • Section Editor — Renal Transplantation
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Paul M Palevsky, MD
  • Section Editor — Renal Failure
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh
  • VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System

Ronald D Perrone, MD
  • Section Editor — Cystic Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Glenn M Preminger, MD
  • Section Editor — Renal Ureteral Stones
  • Professor of Urologic Surgery
  • Duke University Medical Center
  • Director of Education
  • Endourological Society

L Darryl Quarles, MD
  • Section Editor — Renal Osteodystrophy
  • Director, Division of Nephrology
  • Associate Dean for Research
  • The University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Brad H Rovin, MD
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Professor of Medicine and Pathology
  • The Ohio State University College of Medicine

Steve J Schwab, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Chancellor
  • University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Richard H Sterns, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
  • Professor Emeritus
  • University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry

William B White, MD
  • Section Editor — Hypertension
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Chief, Hypertension and Clinical Pharmacology
  • Calhoun Cardiology Center
  • University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington
  • Past President
  • American Society of Hypertension 2012-2014
  • Editor-in-Chief
  • Blood Pressure Monitoring

Editorial Assistants



Megan McLaurin, BA, BS
  • Editorial Assistant ─ UpToDate

Rebecca Mueller, BA
  • Senior Editorial Assistant — UpToDate

Elizabeth Packer, MA
  • Senior Editorial Assistant — UpToDate

Authors



Behdad Afzali, MRCP, PhD, PGDip, FHEA, MAcadMEd
  • Wellcome Trust Intermediate Research Fellow
  • King's College Honorary Consultant Nephrologist
  • Guy's and St Thomas's Hospitals, NHS Trust, UK
  • Guest Researcher, National Institutes of Health, USA

Rajiv Agarwal, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Indiana University School of Medicine

Nada Alachkar, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology
  • The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Muhammad Alam, MD, MPH
  • Staff Nephrologist
  • Kidney Care Center, Little Rock, AR

Barbara D Alexander, MD, MHS
  • Professor of Medicine and Pathology
  • Duke University School of Medicine

Tarek Alhamad, MD, MS, FACP, FASN
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Michael Allon, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Rita R Alloway, PharmD, BCPS
  • Research Professor of Medicine
  • Director, Transplant Clinical Research
  • Director, Transplant Specialty Residency and Fellowship
  • University of Cincinnati

Richard F Ambinder, MD, PhD
  • James B Murphy Professor of Oncology
  • Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

Shaan Anand, MD
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Connie Anderson, BSN, RN, MBA
  • Vice President of Clinical Operation Northwest Kidney Centers
  • University of Washington School of Nursing, Dean’s Advisory Committee

Gerald B Appel, MD
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

Lawrence J Appel, MD, MPH
  • C. David Molina Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Andrew Arnold, MD
  • Murray-Heilig Professor of Molecular Medicine
  • University of Connecticut

Robert M Arnold, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Palliative Care
  • Section Editor — General Principles of Palliative Care
  • Chief, Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Mark D Aronson, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Primary Care (Adult); Hospital Medicine
  • Section Editor — General Medicine
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Akhtar Ashfaq, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Jon C Aster, MD
  • Professor of Pathology
  • Harvard Medical School

Phyllis August, MD, MPH
  • Ralph A Baer, MD Professor of Research in Medicine
  • Director, Hypertension Center
  • Division of Nephrology & Hypertension
  • Weill Cornell Medical College

Seema Baid-Agrawal, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Sahlgrenska Medical University, Gothenburg, Sweden

George L Bakris, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Hypertension
  • Professor of Medicine
  • The University of Chicago

Douglas W Ball, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine and Oncology
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Rasheed A Balogun, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia

Steven J Bander, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • St. Louis University
  • Medical Director, Vascular Access Center
  • St. Luke's Hospital

Shweta Bansal, MD, FASN
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Division of Nephrology, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio

Jonathan Barratt, PhD, FRCP
  • Professor; Honorary Consultant Nephrologist
  • University of Leicester, UK

Rashad S Barsoum, MD, FRCP, FRCPE
  • Emeritus Professor of Medicine
  • Kasr El-Aini Medical School, Cairo University, Egypt

Jan Basile, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Medical University of South Carolina
  • Ralph H Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center

John F Beary, III, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of Cincinnati

Gerald A Beathard, MD, PhD
  • Clinical Professor
  • University of Texas Medical Branch

Gillian Beauchamp, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine
  • Lehigh Valley Health Network Department of Emergency and Hospital Medicine

Laurence H Beck, Jr, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Carolyn B Becker, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael A Becker, MD
  • Section Editor — Crystal Diseases
  • Professor Emeritus of Medicine
  • University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine

Srinivasan Beddhu, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Utah School of Medicine

Alessandro Bellucci, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Hofstra-North Shore LIJ School of Medicine

Costantino Benedetti, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology
  • Ohio State University

William M Bennett, MD
  • Medical Director
  • Legacy Good Samaritan Transplant Services

James R Berenson, MD
  • Medical and Scientific Director
  • Institute for Myeloma and Bone Cancer Research

Michael Berkoben, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Bonnie L Bermas, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • UT Southwestern Medical Center

Jeffrey S Berns, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Daniel G Bichet, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Universite de Montreal

John D Bisognano, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine, Cardiology
  • University of Rochester Medical Center

Robert M Black, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • University of Massachusetts Medical Center

James H Black, III, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Johns Hopkins University

Christopher R Blagg, MD, FRCP
  • Professor Emeritus of Medicine
  • University of Washington

Peter J Blankestijn, MD
  • Associate Professor in Nephrology
  • University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Anthony Bleyer, MD, MS
  • Professor of Internal Medicine/Nephrology
  • Wake Forest University School of Medicine

Michael J Bloch, MD, FACP, FASH, FSVM, FNLA
  • Associate Professor, University of Nevada School of Medicine
  • Medical Director, Vascular Care, Renown Regional Medical Center

Roy D Bloom, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania

Gerald S Bloomfield, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine & Global Health
  • Duke University

John B Bodensteiner, MD
  • Senior Associate Consultant in Child and Adolescent Neurology
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Michael Bodmer, MD, MSc
  • Division of General Internal Medicine
  • Bern University Hospital, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland
  • Pharmacoepidemiology Unit, Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • University Hospital Basel, Switzerland

Andrew S Bomback, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University Medical Center

Barry A Borlaug, MD
  • Section Editor — Heart Failure
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Roger Bouillon, MD, PhD, FRCP
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium

Edward W Boyer, MD, PhD
  • Director of Academic Development
  • Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

D Craig Brater, MD
  • Emeritus Dean, Indiana University School of Medicine
  • Vice President for Programs, Regenstrief Foundation

George A Bray, MD
  • Boyd Professor Emeritus, Pennington Biomedical Research Center/Louisiana State University
  • Professor of Medicine Emeritus, Louisiana State University Health Science Center

Daniel C Brennan, MD, FACP
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Renal Transplantation
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Medical Director and Co-Director of the Comprehensive Transplant Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology
  • Johns Hopkins Medical School

Sergey V Brodsky, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Department of Pathology, The Ohio State University

Edward M Brown, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Nicholas A Buckley, MD, FRACP
  • Professor of Clinical Pharmacology
  • University of Sydney Medical School
  • Clinical Toxicologist
  • Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

John M Burkart, MD
  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Professor of Medicine/Nephrology
  • Wake Forest University Medical Center

David L Burns, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Michael J Burns, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Stephen B Calderwood, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — Bacterial Infections
  • Professor of Medicine (Microbiology and Immunobiology)
  • Harvard Medical School

David A Calhoun, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Daniel C Cattran, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Toronto, Canada

Alessandro Ceschi, MD
  • Head Division of Science
  • Swiss Toxicological Information Centre, Associated Institute of the University of Zurich
  • Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
  • University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland

Tak-Mao Chan, MD, FRCP
  • Chair Professor & Yu Chiu Kwong Endowed Professor in Medicine
  • University of Hong Kong

Anil Chandraker, MD, FASN, FRCP
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Arlene B Chapman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine

Julia F Charles, MD, PhD
  • Associate Physician
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Horng H Chen, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Alfred K Cheung, MD
  • Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Utah School of Medicine

Chee Kay Cheung, PhD, MRCP
  • Clinical Lecturer
  • University of Leicester, UK

Arkadi A Chines, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, Los Angeles

Monique E Cho, MD
  • Division of Nephrology and Hypertension
  • University of Utah School of Medicine

W James Chon, MD, FACP, FASN, FAST
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Missouri-Kansas City (UMKC) School of Medicine
  • Medical Director, Renal Transplant Program
  • St. Luke's Health System

Tushar A Chopra, MD
  • Assistant Professor Of Medicine
  • University of Virginia Health System

Gabriel Choukroun, MD, PhD
  • Head of Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation Department
  • CHU Amiens and Picardie University

Megan B Clowse, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center
  • Division of Rheumatology and Immunology

Adi Cohen, MD, MHS
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University Medical Center

Wilson S Colucci, MD
  • Section Editor — Heart Failure
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Robin Conwit, MD
  • Program Director, Division of Extramural Research
  • National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Mary Corretti, MD, FACC
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins Hospital School of Medicine

Steven Coutre, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University Medical School

Gary M Cox, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Daniel W Coyne, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Adam Cuker, MD, MS
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Assistant Professor of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine University of Pennsylvania

Rochelle Cunningham, MD
  • Staff Physician
  • Park West Medical Center, Baltimore, MD

Gary C Curhan, MD, ScD
  • Section Editor — Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Editor-in-Chief Emeritus
  • Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Vivette D D'Agati, MD
  • Professor of Pathology
  • Columbia University
  • College of Physicians and Surgeons

Maria Dall'Era, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Francisco

Gabriel Danovitch, MD
  • Distinguished Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, Los Angeles

Kathryn A Davis, MD, MSTR
  • Assistant Professor of Neurology
  • University of Pennsylvania

Sara N Davison, MD, MHSc, FRCP(C)
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Alberta

Buddhadeb Dawn, MD
  • Maureen and Marvin Dunn Professor
  • University of Kansas Medical Center

Bess Dawson-Hughes, MD
  • Senior Scientist and Director
  • Bone Metabolism Laboratory
  • Tufts University

Marc E De Broe, MD, PhD
  • Emeritus Professor of Medicine
  • University of Antwerp, Belgium

Brian S Decker, MD, PharmD
  • Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Indiana University Department of Medicine

Christopher deFilippi, MD, FACC
  • Vice Chair of Academic Affairs
  • Inova Heart and Vascular Institute

Rowena Delos Santos, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Washington University in St. Louis

Michael A DeVita, MD
  • Director of Critical Care Medicine
  • Harlem Hospital Center

Kathryn Diemer, MD
  • Associate Professor, Clinical Director, Bone Health Program
  • Division of Bone and Mineral Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine

Jodie Dionne-Odom, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Division of Infectious Diseases
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Angela Dispenzieri, MD
  • Serene M. and Frances C. Durling Professor of Medicine and of Laboratory Medicine, and Pathology
  • Mayo Clinic

Arjang Djamali, MD, MS, FASN
  • Professor of Medicine and Surgery
  • Head of Nephrology Division
  • Department of Medicine
  • University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Pamela S Douglas, MD
  • Ursula Geller Professor of Research in Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Duke University Medical Center

Matthew T Drake, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic

Richard H Drew, PharmD, MS, FCCP, FIDP
  • Professor, Campbell University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
  • Associate Professor and Clinical Pharmacist, Infectious Diseases
  • Duke University Medical Center

Marc K Drezner, MD
  • Section Editor — Bone Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Wisconsin Medical School

Brent M Egan, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of South Carolina School of Medicine-Greenville
  • Chief Science Officer, Care Coordination Institute

Georg B Ehret, MD
  • Division of Cardiology
  • Geneva University Hospitals, Switzerland
  • McKusick Institute of Genetic Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University

John F Eidt, MD
  • Section Editor — Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
  • Professor of Surgery, Texas A&M Health Science Center
  • Vice Chair of Vascular Surgical Services, Baylor Heart and Vascular Hospital at Dallas

Ghada El-Hajj Fuleihan, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • American University of Beirut Medical Center, Lebanon

Carl-Gustaf Elinder, MD, PhD
  • Professor and Senior Consultant of Renal Medicine
  • Karolinska Institute, Sweden

William J Elliott, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Hypertension
  • Professor of Preventive Medicine, Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
  • Head, Division of Pharmacology
  • Chair, Department of Biomedical Sciences
  • Pacific Northwest University of Health Sciences, Yakima, WA

David H Ellison, MD, FASN, FAHA
  • Professor of Medicine and Physiology & Pharmacology
  • Oregon Health & Science University

Michael Emmett, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
  • Chief of Internal Medicine
  • Baylor University Medical Center

Uta Erdbruegger, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia

Doruk Erkan, MD, MPH
  • Associate Attending Rheumatologist, Hospital for Special Surgery
  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine

Ronald J Falk, MD
  • Nan and Hugh Cullman Eminent Professor of Nephrology
  • Chair, Department of Medicine
  • Director, UNC Kidney Center
  • University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill

Pedram Fatehi, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Thomas Fekete, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Microbiology
  • Temple University School of Medicine

Adam S Feldman, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Andrew Z Fenves, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Division of Nephrology and Department of Medicine
  • Massachusetts General Hospital

Fernando C Fervenza, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Joel S Finkelstein, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Jay A Fishman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Director, Transplant Infectious Disease and Compromised Host Program
  • Massachusetts General Hospital

Steven Flamm, MD
  • Chief, Liver Transplantation Program
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Feinberg School of Medicine
  • Northwestern University

John P Forman, MD, MSc
  • Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Nephrology
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Jean Francis, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Joy L Fridey, MD
  • Regional Medical Director
  • American Red Cross Blood Services, Southern California

Jonathan W Friedberg, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • James P Wilmot Cancer Center, University of Rochester

Eli A Friedman, MD
  • Distinguished Teaching Professor of Medicine
  • Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York

Lawrence S Friedman, MD
  • Section Editor — General Gastroenterology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Daniel E Furst, MD
  • Section Editor — Treatment Issues in Rheumatology
  • Clinical professor, University of Washington, Seattle
  • Clinical professor, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
  • Professor of Rheumatology, University of California in Los Angeles (Emeritus)
  • Director of Research, Pacific Arthritis Associates

James N George, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

Arshia Ghaffari, DO, MA, MBA
  • Assistant Professor Clinical Medicine, Division of Nephrology
  • Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California

Elsa-Grace Giardina, MD, MS, FACC, FACP, FAHA
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Director, Center for Women’s Health
  • Columbia University Medical Center

C Michael Gibson, MS, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Richard J Glassock, MD, MACP
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Emeritus Professor
  • The David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Joel D Glickman, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Ary L Goldberger, MD
  • Section Editor — Electrocardiography
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

David S Goldfarb, MD, FACP, FASN
  • Professor of Medicine and Physiology
  • New York University School of Medicine

Stanley Goldfarb, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Mineral and Bone Metabolism; Renal Ureteral Stones
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

David JA Goldsmith, MA, FRCP
  • Visiting Professor
  • St. George's Hospital University Medical School
  • GI Popescu School of Pharmacy and Medicine

Thomas A Golper, MD
  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

David Goltzman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • McGill University
  • Senior Physician, Division of Endocrinology and Department of Medicine
  • McGill University Health Centre

Peter D Gorevic, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Rheumatology
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Carmen Gota, MD
  • Orthopedic and Rheumatologic Institute at Cleveland Clinic
  • Center for Vasculitis Care and Research at Cleveland clinic

Stephen S Gottlieb, MD
  • Section Editor — Heart Failure
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine

Saul P Greenfield, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Urology, State University of New York at Buffalo School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences
  • Director of Pediatric Urology, Children’s Hospital of Buffalo

Muriel PC Grooteman, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor
  • VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam

Aditi Gupta, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • University of Kansas Medical Center

Kalpana Gupta, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine
  • Chief, Infectious Diseases
  • Boston VA HCS

Laurie Gutmann, MD
  • Professor and Vice Chair of Clinical Research
  • University of Iowa

Robert G Hahn, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Anesthesiology
  • The University of Linköping, Sweden
  • Associate Professor
  • Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Patrick J Hanly, MD, FRCPC, MRCPI, DABSM
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Calgary, Canada

Karen Hardinger, PharmD, BCPS
  • Clinical Professor
  • University of Missouri-Kansas City

Lee A Hebert, MD
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Ohio State University
  • Wexner College of Medicine and Public Health

William L Henrich, MD, MACP
  • Professor of Medicine
  • President of the Health Science Center
  • University of Texas Health Science Center School of Medicine

Charles A Herzog, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Hennepin County Medical Center/University of Minnesota

Tamara Hew-Butler, DPM, PhD
  • Associate Professor, Exercise Science
  • Oakland University

Patricia L Hibberd, MD, PhD
  • Chair, Department of Global Health
  • Boston University School of Public Health

Karl F Hilgers, MD
  • Professor of Internal Medicine and Hypertension Research
  • Friedrich-Alexander University, Erlangen-Nuremberg
  • Vice Chair, Department of Nephrology and Hypertension
  • Erlangen University Hospital

Irl B Hirsch, MD
  • Section Editor — Diabetes Mellitus
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Nicholas Hoenich, PhD
  • Associate Member
  • Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University

Jonathan Hogan, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Jean L Holley, MD, FACP
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Robert Hootkins, MD, PhD, FACP, FAHA, FASN
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern

Thomas M Hooton, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Miami Miller School of Medicine

William Hopkins, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Vermont College of Medicine

Lesley D Hordon, MD
  • Consultant in Rheumatology
  • University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Mara J Horwitz, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh

Chi-yuan Hsu, MD, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Francisco

Edmund Huang, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine
  • Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Gene G Hunder, MD
  • Section Editor — Vasculitis
  • Emeritus Consultant
  • Professor Emeritus
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Lesley A Inker, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Jula K Inrig, MD, MHSc
  • Adjunct Associate in Medicine, Duke University
  • Associate Clinical Professor, University of California Irvine

Olav Istre, MD, PhD
  • Professor, Deptartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • South Danish University
  • Odense, Denmark

Bernard G Jaar, MD, MPH, FASN
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology
  • Associate Faculty, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research
  • Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
  • Nephrology Center of Maryland

Bertrand L Jaber, MD, MS, FASN
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Anuja Java, MD
  • Instructor in Medicine
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Kenar D Jhaveri, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Associate Chief, Division of Kidney Diseases and Hypertension
  • Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Eric Jonasch, MD
  • Professor
  • The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Lynne C Jones, PhD
  • Associate Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Director, Center for Osteonecrosis Research and Education
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Harald Jüppner, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Pradeep V Kadambi, MD, MBA, FASN, FAST
  • Professor
  • Department of Medicine
  • University of Florida College of Medicine – Jacksonville
  • Senior Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs
  • University of Florida College of Medicine – Jacksonville
  • President and CEO
  • University of Florida Jacksonville Physicians, Inc

Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, MD, MPH, PhD
  • Professor & Chief, Division of Nephrology & Hypertension
  • University of California Irvine, School of Medicine

Raghu Kalluri, MD, PhD
  • Professor, Department of Cancer Biology
  • Chair, Department of Cancer Biology
  • The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Nassim Kamar, MD, PhD
  • Department of Nephrology and Organ Transplantation
  • Toulouse University Hospital, France

Andre A Kaplan, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Connecticut Health Center

Norman M Kaplan, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Hypertension
  • Clinical Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

S Ananth Karumanchi, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Harvard Medical School

Clifford E Kashtan, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Director, Division of Pediatric Nephrology
  • University of Minnesota Medical School
  • Executive Director
  • Alport Syndrome Treatments and Outcomes Registry (ASTOR)

Carol A Kauffman, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — Fungal Infections
  • Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Michigan Medical School
  • Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System

Jonathan Kay, MD
  • Timothy S. and Elaine L. Peterson Chair in Rheumatology
  • Professor of Medicine and Director of Clinical Research, Rheumatology
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Electron Kebebew, MD, FACS
  • Senior Investigator
  • Chief, Endocrine Oncology Branch
  • National Cancer Institute
  • Professor of Surgery
  • George Washington University School of Medicine & Health Sciences

Ellie Kelepouris, MD, FAHA
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Chief, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension
  • Drexel University College of Medicine

Ramesh Khanna, MD, FACP
  • Karl D Nolph, MD Chair in Nephrology, Professor of Medicine
  • Vice Chair, Department of Medicine
  • Director, Division of Nephrology
  • University of Missouri-Columbia

Talmadge E King, Jr, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Section Editor — Interstitial Lung Disease
  • Dean, School of Medicine
  • Vice Chancellor, Medical Affairs
  • University of California San Francisco

Christina L Klein, MD
  • Transplant Nephrologist
  • Piedmont Transplant Institute

Paul E Klotman, MD
  • President, CEO, and Executive Dean
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Sidney M Kobrin, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania

Robb D Kociol, MD
  • Associate Director
  • Advanced Heart Failure program
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
  • Instructor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Holly M Koncicki, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Tal Kopel, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal

Jeffrey B Kopp, MD
  • Senior Investigator, NIDDK, NIH
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

Joel D Kopple, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Public Health
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and UCLA Fielding School of Public Health
  • Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor - UCLA Medical Center

Stephen M Korbet, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Rush University Medical Center

Peter Kotanko, MD
  • Docent of Internal Medicine
  • Innsbruck Medical University, Austria
  • Research Director
  • Renal Research Institute, New York

Eugene C Kovalik, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Csaba P Kovesdy, MD, FASN
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Michelle W Krause, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Jonathan B Kruskal, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Kidney Disease
  • Professor of Radiology
  • Harvard Medical School

Abhijit V Kshirsagar, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Aleksandra Kukla, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Minnesota

Michael Kurtz, MD
  • Instructor in Surgery
  • Children's Hospital Boston

Shana Kusin, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medical Toxicology
  • Oregon Health and Science University

Christopher H Kwoh, MD
  • The Kidney Institute and Renal Research, Inc.

Robert A Kyle, MD
  • Section Editor — Plasma Cell Disorders
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Albert Q Lam, MD
  • Deputy Editor — Nephrology
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Richard A Larson, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Hematology
  • Section Editor — Leukemia
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine

Geoffrey Lee, MD
  • Attending Physician
  • Kingston General Hospital

Michael D Leise, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Krista L Lentine, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Saint Louis University School of Medicine

Edgar V Lerma, MD, FACP, FASN, FAHA
  • SGIM Peer Reviewer
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine

Nelson Leung, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Andrew S Levey, MD
  • Dr. Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

E Michael Lewiecki, MD
  • Director
  • New Mexico Clinical Research & Osteoporosis Center

Orfeas Liangos, MD, FASN
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

John C Lieske, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic Division of Nephrology and Hypertension

Kee-Hak Lim, MD
  • Associate Professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology (part-time)
  • Harvard Medical School

Ajit P Limaye, MD, FACP, FIDSA
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington

Robert M Lindsay, MD, FRCPC, FRCPE
  • Professor, Schulich School of Medicine
  • Western University, London, Canada

Cornelis J Lips, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Endocrinology and Metabolism
  • Department of Internal Medicine
  • University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands

Mark Little, FRCP, PhD
  • Professor of Nephrology
  • Trinity College Dublin

Anna SF Lok, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Michigan Medical School

Randy Luciano, MD, PhD
  • Instructor in Medicine
  • Yale University Medical School

Naim Maalouf, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Colm C Magee, MD, MPH, FRCPI
  • Clinical Lecturer in Medicine
  • Royal College of Surgeons

Lionel U Mailloux, MD, FACP
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine

Andrew Malone, MB, BCh, MRCPI
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology
  • Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine

Jess Mandel, MD
  • Section Editor — Pulmonary Vascular Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Diego

J Michael Mangrum, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia

Johannes FE Mann, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Friedrich Alexander University of Erlangen-Nürnberg
  • International Scholar, Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Canada

Samuel J Mann, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Division of Nephrology and Hypertension
  • NY Presbyterian Hospital – Weill Cornell Medical College

Warren J Manning, MD
  • Section Editor — Noninvasive Cardiac Imaging and Stress Testing
  • Professor of Medicine and Radiology
  • Harvard Medical School

Stavros C Manolagas, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Glen S Markowitz, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Pathology
  • Columbia University Medical Center

Philip A Marsden, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Vice-Chair, Department of Medicine at the University of Toronto, Research
  • Oreopoulos-Baxter Division Director of Nephrology at the University of Toronto

Tej K Mattoo, MD, DCH, FRCP
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Nephrology
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Wayne State University School of Medicine

Michael Mauer, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine
  • University of Minnesota Medical School

Ivan D Maya, MD, FACP
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Central Florida

David K McCulloch, MD
  • Diabetologist
  • Washington Permanente Medical Group

W. Joseph McCune, MD, MACR
  • Michael H and Marcia S Klein Professor of Rheumatic Diseases
  • Associate Chief, Division of Rheumatology
  • Director, Lupus Program
  • University of Michigan

Colin McDonald, MD
  • Instructor in Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Ankit Mehta, MD
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Texas A&M College of Medicine, Dallas
  • Associate Program Director, Internal Medicine Residency, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas

James B Meigs, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Jaime R Merchan, MD, MMSc
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Miami Miller School of Medicine

Angelo Mercieri, MD
  • Internal Medicine Unit
  • Head Physician of Emergencies Unit
  • Bolognini Hospital, Seriate, Bergamo, Italy

Peter A Merkel, MD, MPH
  • Section Editor — Vasculitis
  • Chief, Division of Rheumatology
  • University of Pennsylvania

Joseph F Merola, MD, MMSc, FAAD, FACR
  • Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School
  • Department of Dermatology
  • Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital

Alain Meyrier, MD
  • Professor of Medicine (Emeritus)
  • Université Paris-Descartes, Paris, France

Brent W Miller, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Paul D Miller, MD
  • Distinguished Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of Colorado Health Sciences Center

Dana Miskulin, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Madhukar Misra, MD, FRCP
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia

Bruce A Molitoris, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Indiana University School of Medicine

Michael A Mont, MD
  • Chair, Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Cleveland Clinic

James P Morgan, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

R Sean Morrison, MD
  • Section Editor — Selected End Stage Conditions
  • Hermann Merkin Professor of Palliative Care
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine

David B Mount, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Marion Muche, MD
  • Charité - Medical University, Berlin, Germany

Istvan Mucsi, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Department of Medicine (Nephrology), University of Toronto

Bruce A Mueller, PharmD, FCCP, FASN, FNKF
  • Professor and Associate Dean of Academic Affairs
  • University of Michigan College of Pharmacy

Jukka Mustonen, MD, PhD
  • Emeritus Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Tampere
  • Medical Adviser
  • Tampere University Hospital

Tibor Nadasdy, MD
  • Professor of Pathology
  • Director of Renal and Transplant Pathology
  • Ohio State University

Samih H Nasr, MD
  • Professor of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology
  • College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic

Robert S Negrin, MD
  • Section Editor — Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Peter J Nelson, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Gihad E Nesrallah, MD, MSc, FRCPC, FACP
  • Adjunct Professor
  • Western University

Patrick Niaudet, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Nephrology
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France

Thomas Nickolas, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Training Program Directory, Nephrology
  • Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Nephrology

Sagar U Nigwekar, MD, MMSc
  • Instructor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Allen R Nissenson, MD
  • Emeritus Professor of Medicine
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Marta Novak, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Psychiatry
  • University of Toronto, Canada

Gregorio T Obrador, MD, MPH
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine
  • Dean and Professor of Medicine
  • Universidad Panamericana School of Medicine

Iheanyichukwu Ogu, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Section of Nephrology
  • Marshall Kidney Care and Hypertension Center
  • Marshall University School of Medicine

Ann M O'Hare, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Mark D Okusa, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia Health System

Jeffrey W Olin, DO
  • Professor of Medicine (Cardiology)
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Matthew J Oliver, MD, MHS
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Toronto, Canada

W Charles O'Neill, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Emory University School of Medicine

Thomas L Ortel, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine & Pathology
  • Hemostasis & Thrombosis Center, Duke University

James Owens, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Adjunct Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Alison M Pack, MD
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Neurology
  • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

Vernon M Pais, Jr, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery/Urology
  • Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Paul M Palevsky, MD
  • Section Editor — Renal Failure
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh
  • VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System

Biff F Palmer, MD
  • Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Alessandra Palmisano, MD, PhD
  • Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
  • University of Parma, Italy

Shubham Pant, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Associate Medical Director of The Clinical & Translational Research Center
  • MD Anderson Cancer Center

Chirag Parikh, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Samir M Parikh, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Samir V Parikh, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Division of Nephrology
  • The Ohio State University Medical Center

Rod Passman, MD, MSCE
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Sassan Pazirandeh, MD
  • Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  • Kaiser Permanente Medical Center

York Pei, MD, FRCPC, FACP, FASN
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University Health Network and University of Toronto

William F Pendergraft III, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of North Carolina Kidney Center
  • Visiting Postdoctoral Scholar, Hacohen Group, Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT

Richard T Penson, MD, MRCP
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Mark A Perazella, MD, FACP
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Leigh Perreault, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus
  • Associate Professor of Epidemiology
  • Colorado School of Public Health

Ronald D Perrone, MD
  • Section Editor — Cystic Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Holly Perry, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Andreas Pierratos, MD, FRCPC
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Toronto, Canada

Nicole A Pilch, PharmD, MSCR, BCPS
  • Clinical Specialist
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Duane S Pinto, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Jeffrey L Platt, MD
  • Professor of Surgery and Microbiology and Immunology
  • University of Michigan

Sharon E Plon, MD, PhD
  • Professor, Departments of
  • Pediatrics/Hematology-Oncology
  • Molecular and Human Genetics
  • Human Genome Sequencing Center
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Philip J Podrid, MD, FACC
  • Professor of Medicine, Professor of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
  • Boston University School of Medicine
  • Lecturer, Harvard Medical School

Marc A Pohl, MD
  • Ray W. Gifford, Jr., MD Endowed Chair in Hypertension
  • Nephrology and Hypertension
  • Cleveland Clinic

Didier Portilla, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia

Raoul Poupon, MD
  • Professor of Hepatology and Gastroenterology
  • University Pierre et Marie Curie
  • UPMC, Sorbonne University, Paris, France

Manuel Praga, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Complutense University, Madrid

Glenn M Preminger, MD
  • Section Editor — Renal Ureteral Stones
  • Professor of Urologic Surgery
  • Duke University Medical Center
  • Director of Education
  • Endourological Society

Ching-Hon Pui, MD
  • Chair of the Department of Oncology
  • Fahad Al-Rashid Chair of Leukemia Research
  • St. Jude's Children's Hospital
  • American Cancer Society Professor
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Charles D Pusey, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Imperial College, London

L Darryl Quarles, MD
  • Section Editor — Renal Osteodystrophy
  • Director, Division of Nephrology
  • Associate Dean for Research
  • The University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Wajeh Y Qunibi, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Texas Health Sciences Center

Jai Radhakrishnan, MD, MS
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University Medical Center

Hershel Raff, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Medical College of Wisconsin

Frederic F Rahbari-Oskoui, MD, MSCR
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Emory University School of Medicine

S Vincent Rajkumar, MD
  • Edward W. and Betty Knight Scripps Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic

Emilio Ramos, MD, FACP
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of Buffalo, School of Medicine
  • Buffalo, NY

Stephanie Randle, MD, MS
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatric Neurology and Epilepsy
  • University of Washington and Seattle Children's Hospital

Jochen Reiser, MD, PhD
  • The Ralph C Brown MD Professor
  • Chairman of Medicine
  • Rush University

Sean H Rhyee, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, Division of Medical Toxicology
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Jerome P Richie, MD, FACS
  • Section Editor — Cancer of the Urethra, Penis, and Ureter; Urologic Surgery; Prostate Cancer
  • Elliott Carr Cutler Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Gianfranco Rizzato, MD
  • Primario Emerito Internal Medicine
  • Niguarda Hospital (Piazza Ospedale Maggiore)

Darren M Roberts, MBBS, PhD, FRACP
  • Clinical Toxicologist, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital
  • Nephrologist, Canberra Hospital
  • Associate Professor, Australian National University

Dario Roccatello, MD
  • Professor of Nephrology and Clinical Pathology
  • University of Turin Medical School

Michael Rocco, MD, MS
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Wake Forest University School of Medicine

Richard J Rodeheffer, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Pierre Ronco, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Renal Medicine
  • Pierre et Marie Curie University, France

Guy Rordorf, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Clifford J Rosen, MD
  • Section Editor — Bone Disease
  • Professor of Nutrition
  • University of Maine
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Harold N Rosen, MD
  • Associate Professor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Mark Rosenberg, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Minnesota Medical School

Mitchell H Rosner, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia Health System

Douglas S Ross, MD
  • Section Editor — Thyroid Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Ana P Rossi, MD, MPH
  • Transplant Nephrologist, Maine Transplant Program
  • Maine Medical Center

Lionel Rostaing, MD, PhD
  • Department of Nephrology, Dialysis, and Multi-organ Transplantation
  • Toulouse University Hospital, France

Brad H Rovin, MD
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Professor of Medicine and Pathology
  • The Ohio State University College of Medicine

Michael R Rudnick, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Andrew D Rule, MD, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Bruce A Runyon, MD
  • Section Editor — Cirrhosis and Its Complications
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of New Mexico, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  • Special Hepatology Consultant to the Indian Health Service
  • Northern Navajo Medical Center, Shiprock, New Mexico

Kenneth G Saag, MD, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

A Mazin Safar, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Takao Saito, MD, PhD
  • Professor Emeritus, Fukuoka University
  • Director, Sanko Clinic
  • Specified Medical Corporation Sanko Group

David J Salant, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University Medical Center

Neil S Sanghani, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Carlos AQ Santos, MD, MPHS
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Rush University Medical Center

Mark Sarnak, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Deirdre Sawinski, MD, FAST
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Assistant Medical Director, Kidney Pancreas Transplantation
  • Renal Electrolyte and Hypertension Division
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

Steven J Scheinman, MD
  • President and Dean, Professor of Medicine
  • Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine

Jane O Schell, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Rebecca J Schmidt, DO, FACP
  • Professor of Medicine
  • West Virginia University School of Medicine

Peter H Schur, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Rheumatology
  • Section Editor — Basic Science
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Steve J Schwab, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Chancellor
  • University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Marvin I Schwarz, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine

Francesco Scolari, MD
  • Professor of Nephrology
  • University of Brescia

Sanjeev Sethi, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Mehmet S Sever, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Istanbul School of Medicine

Daniel J Sexton, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — Bacterial Infections
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Elizabeth Shane, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University Medical Center

Melissa L Shannon, MD
  • Staff Physician
  • Catholic Health Initiatives
  • St Vincent Health System

Charles L Shapiro, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Director of Translational Breast Cancer Research
  • Director of Cancer Survivorship, Tisch Cancer Institute

Ron Shapiro, MD
  • Professor of Surgery
  • Surgical Director, Kidney/Pancreas Transplant Program
  • Mount Sinai Hospital - Recanati Miller Transplantation Institute

Alice M Sheridan, MD
  • Deputy Editor — Nephrology
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Richard A Sherman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Rutgers - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Baha M Sibai, MD
  • Professor, Maternal-Fetal Medicine Division
  • Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences
  • The University of Texas Medical School at Houston

Edward D Siew, MD, MSCI
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Vanderbilt Center for Kidney Disease (VCKD)
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Shonni J Silverberg, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

Albert L Siu, MD, MSPH
  • Professor
  • Department of Geriatrics and Pallative Medicine
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Marco L A Sivilotti, MD, MSc, FRCPC, FACEP, FACMT
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine and of Biomedical & Molecular Sciences
  • Queen's University, Kingston Canada

Roderick Skinner, PhD, MBChB, FRCPCH
  • Consultant in Paediatric and Adolescent Oncology/Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Honorary Professor of Childhood Cancer
  • Great North Children's Hospital
  • Northern Institute of Cancer Research, Newcastle University

Timothy W Smith, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Peter J Snyder, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Endocrinology
  • Section Editor — Pituitary Disease; Male Reproductive Endocrinology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Michael J Somers, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Ramesh Soundararajan, MD, FACP
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine
  • Midwestern University College of Medicine

Theodore I Steinman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Richard H Sterns, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
  • Professor Emeritus
  • University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry

Robert J Stratta, MD
  • Professor of Surgery, Director of Transplantation
  • Wake Forest School of Medicine

Jason R Stubbs, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Division of Nephrology & Hypertension
  • University of Kansas Medical Center

José Such, MD, PhD
  • Digestive Disease Institute, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, UAE
  • Clinical Professor, Lerner School of Medicine. Case Western Reserve University, OH, US

Lynda Szczech, MD, MSCE
  • Durham Nephrology Associates, Durham, NC

Harold Szerlip, MD, FACP, FCCP, FASN, FNKF
  • Director, Nephrology Division, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas
  • Program Director, Nephrology Training Program, Baylor University Medical Center
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine, Texas A&M College of Medicine
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine, Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine

Matthew D Sztajnkrycer, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

James Tattersall, MD, MRCP
  • Specialty Doctor in Renal Medicine
  • Leeds Teaching Hospitals Trust

Eric N Taylor, MD, MSc
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine
  • Division of Nephrology and Transplantation
  • Maine Medical Center

Pablo Tebas, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania

Stephen Textor, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Division of Nephrology and Hypertension
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
  • Rochester, Minnesota

Ravi I Thadhani, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

George Thomas, MD, MPH, FACP, FASN
  • Director, Center for Blood Pressure Disorders, Cleveland Clinic
  • Assistant Professor, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine

Garry S Tobin, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Ashita J Tolwani, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Marcello Tonelli, MD, SM, FRCPC
  • Associate Vice President (Health Research), University of Calgary
  • Senior Associate Dean (Clinical Research), Cumming School of Medicine
  • Professor of Medicine, University of Calgary

Vicente E Torres, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Raymond R Townsend, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania

Stephen J Traub, MD
  • Section Editor — Toxicology
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Augusto Vaglio, MD, PhD
  • Nephrology
  • University Hospital, Parma, Italy

Raymond Vanholder, MD, PhD
  • Professor Emeritus of Medicine
  • University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium

John Varga, MD
  • John and Nancy Hughes Professor of Medicine
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Joseph Varon, MD, FACP, FCCP, FCCM, FRSM
  • Professor of Acute and Continuing Care, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine, The University of Texas Medical Branch

Larissa I Velez, MD
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

John Vella, MD, FACP, FRCP, FASN, FAST
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Vijaya Venkataraman, MD
  • Consultant Nephrologist
  • Kidney Specialists Inc. Columbus, OH

Sebastien Viatte, MD, PhD
  • Lecturer in Genetics
  • Arthritis Research UK Centre for Genetics and Genomics
  • The University of Manchester, UK

R Kasi Visweswaran, MD, DM, FRCP (Edin)
  • Consultant in Nephrology
  • Ananthapuri Hospital and Research Institute

Demetrios V Vlahakos, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Nephrology, Director, Renal Unit
  • Attikon University Hospital
  • Athens University School of Medicine
  • National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

Ron Wald, MDCM, MPH, FRCPC
  • Associate Professor, Department of Medicine
  • University of Toronto

David Richard Walega, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Richard A Ward, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Louisville

Alan Wasserstein, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Terry Watnick, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine

Virginia M Weaver, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Environmental Health Sciences and Medicine
  • Associate Faculty Member, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research
  • Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions

Liza M Weavind, MBBCh, FCCM, MMHC
  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Surgery
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Kathryn W Weibrecht, MD
  • Emergency Medicine Physician
  • Morton Hospital

Steven E Weinberger, MD
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • Executive Vice President and CEO Emeritus
  • American College of Physicians

Amy C Weintrob, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • The George Washington University and Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Annika O Wernerson, MD, PhD
  • Professor and Senior Consultant in Pathology
  • Karolinska Institute, Sweden

Jack FM Wetzels, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Nephrology
  • Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

William L Whittier, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Rush University Medical Center

Michael Wiederkehr, MD
  • Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine
  • Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Dallas

Keith M Wille, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

James F Winchester, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Karen Woo, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • UCLA Division of Vascular Surgery

Elaine Worcester, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Chicago

Christina M Wyatt, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Sri G Yarlagadda, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Kansas Medical Center

Melissa Y Yeung, MD, FRCPC
  • Instructor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Linwah Yip, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

William F Young, Jr, MD, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Alan S L Yu, MB, BChir
  • Harry Statland and Solon Summerfield Professor of Medicine
  • University of Kansas Medical Center

Elaine W Yu, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Mark L Zeidel, MD
  • Hermann L. Blumgart Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School Physician-in-Chief and Chair
  • Department of Medicine Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Stéphane Zuily, MD, MPH, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Nancy School of Medicine of Lorraine University
  • Attending Physician, Vascular Medicine Division, Nancy Academic Hospital

Peer Reviewers



Nada Alachkar, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology
  • The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Michael Allon, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Anatole Besarab, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • West Virginia University School of Medicine

Daniel G Bichet, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Universite de Montreal

Roy D Bloom, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania

John M Burkart, MD
  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Professor of Medicine/Nephrology
  • Wake Forest University Medical Center

Daniel C Cattran, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Toronto, Canada

Anil Chandraker, MD, FASN, FRCP
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Marc E De Broe, MD, PhD
  • Emeritus Professor of Medicine
  • University of Antwerp, Belgium

Bradley M Denker, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Joel D Glickman, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

David S Goldfarb, MD, FACP, FASN
  • Professor of Medicine and Physiology
  • New York University School of Medicine

David JA Goldsmith, MA, FRCP
  • Visiting Professor
  • St. George's Hospital University Medical School
  • GI Popescu School of Pharmacy and Medicine

L Lee Hamm, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tulane University School of Medicine

Karen Hardinger, PharmD, BCPS
  • Clinical Professor
  • University of Missouri-Kansas City

Jean L Holley, MD, FACP
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Keith Hruska, MD
  • Ira M Lang Professor of Medicine
  • Washington University Medical School

Chi-yuan Hsu, MD, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Francisco

Ramesh Khanna, MD, FACP
  • Karl D Nolph, MD Chair in Nephrology, Professor of Medicine
  • Vice Chair, Department of Medicine
  • Director, Division of Nephrology
  • University of Missouri-Columbia

Christina L Klein, MD
  • Transplant Nephrologist
  • Piedmont Transplant Institute

Robert G Luke, MD
  • Taylor Professor of Medicine
  • University of Cincinnati Medical Center

Orson Moe, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas

David B Mount, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Mark D Okusa, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia Health System

Mark Rosenberg, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Minnesota Medical School

John Vella, MD, FACP, FRCP, FASN, FAST
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Anitha Vijayan, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Washington University St Louis

Sushrut S Waikar, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Elaine Worcester, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Chicago