Contents Authors and Editors Emergency Medicine (Adult and Pediatric)
UpToDate
Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Authors and Editors in Emergency Medicine (Adult and Pediatric)

Editors-in-Chief



Gary R Fleisher, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
  • Egan Family Foundation Professor
  • Harvard Medical School

Ron M Walls, MD, FRCPC, FAAEM
  • Editor-in-Chief — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Section Editor — Adult Resuscitation
  • Neskey Family Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital

Deputy Editors



Jonathan Grayzel, MD, FAAEM
  • Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Emergency Medicine (Adult and Pediatric)
  • Deputy Editor — Primary Care Sports Medicine (Adolescents and Adults)
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH
  • Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Deputy Editor — Primary Care Sports Medicine (Adolescents and Adults)
  • Clinical Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine/Traumatology
  • University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Section Editors



Richard G Bachur, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Trauma
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Michele M Burns, MD, MPH
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Toxicology
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Daniel F Danzl, MD
  • Section Editor — Environmental Emergencies
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Louisville School of Medicine

Gary R Fleisher, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
  • Egan Family Foundation Professor
  • Harvard Medical School

Robert S Hockberger, MD, FACEP
  • Section Editor — Adult Signs and Symptoms
  • Emeritus Professor of Medicine
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

James Hoekstra, MD
  • Section Editor — Adult Cardiology Emergencies
  • Professor and Fredrick Glass Chair
  • Wake Forest University

Daniel M Lindberg, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Psychosocial Emergencies
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of Colorado Kempe Center

Maria E Moreira, MD
  • Section Editor — Adult Trauma
  • Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine
  • Residency Program Director
  • Denver Health Residency in Emergency Medicine

Adrienne G Randolph, MD, MSc
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
  • Professor of Anaesthesia and Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Jonathan I Singer, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Surgical Emergencies
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
  • Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine

Anne M Stack, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Procedures
  • Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Stephen J Teach, MD, MPH
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences

Susan B Torrey, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Resuscitation; Pediatric Trauma
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine
  • Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Texas Children’s Hospital

Stephen J Traub, MD
  • Section Editor — Toxicology
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Ron M Walls, MD, FRCPC, FAAEM
  • Editor-in-Chief — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Section Editor — Adult Resuscitation
  • Neskey Family Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital

Allan B Wolfson, MD
  • Section Editor — Adult Procedures
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh

George A Woodward, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Richard D Zane, MD
  • Section Editor — Emergency Medical Services/Disaster Medicine
  • Professor and Chair of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Editorial Assistants



Deirdre A Mitchell, BA
  • Senior Development Editor — UpToDate

Authors



Salahadin Abdi, MD, PhD
  • Professor and Chair, Department of Pain Medicine
  • Helen Buchanan & Stanley Joseph Seeger Endowed Research Professor
  • The University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center

Amesh A Adalja, MD, FACP
  • Senior Associate
  • UPMC Center for Health Security
  • Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Critical Care Medicine and Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Adjunct Instructor, Department of Medicine’s Division of Infectious Diseases
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and UPMC

Nezam H Afdhal, MD, FRCPI
  • Senior Physician in Hepatology
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Rohit Aggarwal, MD, MSc
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology
  • University of Pittsburgh

Dewesh Agrawal, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • Children's National Medical Center

Azeemuddin Ahmed, MD, MBA
  • Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine

Ebtesam Ahmed, PharmD, MS
  • Clinical Professor,
  • St. John's University College of Pharmacy
  • Clinical Pharmacy Specialist Innovative Institute for Palliative Care

Edward S Ahn, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurosurgery
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Steven E Aks, DO, FACMT, FACEP
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Rush Medical College
  • Director, The Toxikon Consortium, Division of Toxicology; Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Cook County Hospital

Alfred Aleguas, Jr, BS Pharm, PharmD, DABAT, FAACT
  • Assistant Professor of Pharmacotherapeutics and Clinical Research
  • University of South Florida
  • Assistant Clinical Professor of Pharmacy
  • University of Florida

Antoin Alexander, MD
  • David Grant Medical Center
  • Travis AFB CA Family Medicine Residency Program

Irene Alexandraki, MD, MPH
  • SGIM Peer Reviewer
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Florida State University College of Medicine

Haya M Al-Fozan, MD
  • Associate Professor, Infertility and Reproductive Endocrinology
  • King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences

Patrick C Alguire, MD, FACP
  • Senior Vice President Emeritus for Medical Education
  • American College of Physicians

Coburn H Allen, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Joseph Y Allen, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine
  • Medical Director of the Texas Children's Hospital the Woodlands Emergency Center

John Alsobrook, MD
  • Community Health & Family Medicine
  • University of Florida

Harrison Alter, MD, MS, FACEP
  • Attending Physician
  • Highland Hospital – Alameda Health System, Oakland, California
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine
  • University of California, San Francisco

Paulo M Alves, MD, MSc, FasMA
  • Global Medical Director of Aviation Health
  • MedAire Inc.
  • Chairman of the Air Transport Medicine Committee
  • Aerospace Medical Association

Anthony A Amato, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Allon Amitai, MD
  • Attending Physician
  • Kahuku Medical Center

Cande V Ananth, PhD, MPH
  • Virgil G Damon Professor
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • College of Physicians and Surgeons
  • Columbia University

Bruce C Anderson, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Oregon Health Sciences University

Stephan Anderson, MD
  • Professor of Radiology
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Christopher M Andreoli, MD
  • Clinical Instructor in Ophthalmology
  • Harvard Medical School

Mark P Androes, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • University of South Carolina School of Medicine

Peter Antevy, MD
  • Pediatric Emergency Department
  • Joe DiMaggio Children's Hospital

Donna L Arand, PhD
  • Research Associate Professor
  • Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine

Christian Arbelaez, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Donald M Arnold, MD, MSc
  • Associate Professor, Department of Medicine
  • McMaster University

Thomas C Arnold, MD, FAAEM, FACMT
  • Professor and Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center - Shreveport
  • Medical Director, Louisiana Poison Center

Julian M Aroesty, MD
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Mark D Aronson, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Primary Care (Adult); Hospital Medicine
  • Section Editor — General Medicine
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Jorge G Arroyo, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Ophthalmology
  • Retina Service, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Riccardo Asero, MD
  • Head Ambulatorio di Allergologia
  • Clinica San Carlo, Paderno Dugnano (MI), Italy

Andrew W Asimos, MD
  • Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Chad A Asplund, MD, FACSM, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Health and Kinesiology
  • Director of Athletic Medicine
  • Head Team Physician
  • Georgia Southern University

Shireen Atabaki, MD, MPH, FAAP
  • Vice Chair, Institutional Review Board
  • Director, Medical Student Education
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics & Emergency Medicine
  • George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences
  • Children's National Health System

Phyllis August, MD, MPH
  • Ralph A Baer, MD Professor of Research in Medicine
  • Director, Hypertension Center
  • Division of Nephrology & Hypertension
  • Weill Cornell Medical College

Paul G Auwaerter, MD, MBA, FIDSA
  • Sherrilyn and Ken Fisher Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Eric Awtry, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Hakan Ay, MD
  • Stroke Service, Department of Neurology
  • A.A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology
  • Massachusetts General Hospital
  • Harvard Medical School

Kavita M Babu, MD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Steven J Baccei, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Radiology
  • UMass Memorial Medical Center and University of Massachusetts Medical School

Michael C Bachman, MD, MBA
  • Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Sunrise Children's Hospital

Richard G Bachur, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Trauma
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Larry M Baddour, MD, FIDSA, FAHA
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Amado Alejandro Baez, MD, MSc, MPH, FAAEM, FCCM
  • Residency Director
  • Jackson Memorial Hospital
  • University of Miami Miller School of Medicine

Aaron E Bair, MD, MSc, FAAEM, FACEP
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of California, Davis

Jasmohan S Bajaj, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Virginia Commonwealth University and McGuire VA Medical Center

Lalit Bajaj, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • Children's Hospital Colorado

Zahid H Bajwa, MD
  • Lecturer
  • Tufts University Medical School

Johan S Bakken, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor, School of Medicine
  • University of Minnesota, Duluth

Robert Baldor, MD
  • Professor of Family Medicine and Community Health
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Karl Barnett, MD
  • Attending Physician
  • Athens Regional Medical Center

Glen W Barrisford, MD, MS
  • Director of Urologic Oncology
  • Santa Rosa Medical Center
  • Kaiser Permanente

Fermin Barrueto, Jr, MD, FACEP, FAAEM, FACMT
  • Clinical Associate Professor
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine

Susan Bartels, MD, MPH
  • Clinician Scientist
  • Queen’s University
  • Affiliate Faculty
  • Harvard Humanitarian Initiative

John G Bartlett, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — HIV; Pulmonary Infections
  • Professor Emeritus
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Jason JS Barton, MD, PhD, FRCPC
  • Professor and Canada Research Chair
  • Medicine (Neurology), Ophthalmology, and Visual Sciences
  • The University of British Columbia

Marc Baskin, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Department of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Senior Physician in Medicine
  • Division of Emergency Medicine
  • Boston Children's Hospital

Rebecca Bassett, MD
  • Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor
  • University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Brian A Bates, MD
  • Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine
  • Children's Hospital of San Antonio

Carol K Bates, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Carl R Baum, MD, FAAP, FACMT
  • Professor of Pediatrics and of Emergency Medicine
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Kirsten Bechtel, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Michael A Becker, MD
  • Section Editor — Crystal Diseases
  • Professor Emeritus of Medicine
  • University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine

Theresa Becker, DO
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Medical Director, Pediatric Programs Lahey Beverly
  • Executive Network Director
  • Division of Emergency Medicine

Richard H Beigi, MD, MSc
  • Associate Professor of Reproductive Sciences
  • Magee-Womens Hospital of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

David Benditt, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Director, Cardiac Arrhythmia Center
  • University of Minnesota Medical School

Berkeley L Bennett, MD, MS
  • Assistant Professor of Clinical Pediatrics Division of Emergency Medicine
  • Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center & Medical Director Northern Kentucky Children's Advocacy Center

David J Berkoff, MD, FAAEM, CAQSM
  • Professor of Orthopedics and Emergency Medicine
  • Department of Exercise and Sport Science
  • University of North Carolina Chapel Hill

Lori R Berkowitz, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
  • Harvard Medical School

Nancy Berliner, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • H. Franklin Bunn Professor of Hematology and Chief, Division of Hematology
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital

Anthony Beutler, MD
  • Professor of Family Medicine
  • Uniformed Services University

Gil Binenbaum, MD, MSCE
  • Associate Professor of Ophthalmology
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Richard Shafritz Chair of Ophthalmology Research,
  • Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

Steven Bird, MD, FACEP
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Michelle H Biros, MD
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Minnesota Medical School

James H Black, III, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Johns Hopkins University

Tom Blackwell, MD, FACEP
  • Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Greenville

Philip E Blazar, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Ronald Bleday, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Josh Bloom, MD, MPH
  • Clinical Instructor, Department of Family Medicine
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Jim G Blount, MD, CAQSM
  • Adjunct Clinical Professor, Departments of Family Medicine and Sports Medicine
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Olaf A Bodamer, MD, PhD, FAAP, FACMG
  • Park Gerald Chair in Genetics and Genomics
  • Associate Chief, Genetics and Genomics
  • Boston Children’s Hospital/Harvard Medical School

Michael Bodmer, MD, MSc
  • Division of General Internal Medicine
  • Bern University Hospital, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland
  • Pharmacoepidemiology Unit, Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • University Hospital Basel, Switzerland

Blake Reid Boggess, DO, FAAFP
  • Associate Professor of Orthopedic Surgery
  • Duke Sports Medicine Team Physician
  • Duke University Medical Center

Liza Bonin, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Psychiatry
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Michael H Bonnet, PhD
  • Professor, Department of Neurology
  • Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine

Daniel J Bonthius, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Neurology
  • University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine

Stephen C Boos, MD, FAAP
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

David H Bor, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Liliana Bordeianou, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Joelle C Borhart, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Georgetown University

Joan Bothner, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Kathy Boutis, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, MSc
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Toronto

Edward W Boyer, MD, PhD
  • Director of Academic Development
  • Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

John C Brancato, MD, FAAP, FACEP
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • University of Connecticut School of Medicine
  • Associate Director, Emergency Department
  • Connecticut Children's Medical Center

William T Branch, Jr, MD
  • Carter Smith Senior Professor of Medicine
  • Emory University School of Medicine

Mary L Brandt, MD
  • Professor of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery
  • Baylor College of Medicine

James Bray, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
  • Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine

Tom Brazelton, MD, MPH, FAAP
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Jeffrey A Breall, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Indiana University School of Medicine

Elizabeth Breen, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Joel S Brenner, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor, Sports Medicine and Adolescent Medicine
  • Eastern Virginia Medical School

Marisa Brett-Fleegler, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Hannah R Briemberg, MD, FRCPC
  • Clinical Associate Professor
  • University of British Columbia

Gabriel P Brooks, PT, DPT, SCS, MTC
  • Director of Program Development
  • 360 Physical Therapy

Kathleen Brown, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • The George Washington University School of Medicine

Paul Brown, MD
  • Professor Radiation Oncology
  • Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN

Calvin A Brown, III, MD, FAAEM
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Amy Bryant, PhD
  • Associate Professor, Department of Medicine
  • University of Washington

Sean M Bryant, MD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Cook County Hospital (Stroger)

Rachelle Buchbinder, MBBS, MSc, PhD, FRACP
  • Rheumatologist and Director, Monash Department of Clinical Epidemiology
  • Cabrini Hospital
  • Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine
  • Monash University

Nicholas A Buckley, MD, FRACP
  • Professor of Clinical Pharmacology
  • University of Sydney Medical School
  • Clinical Toxicologist
  • Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

Michael J Burns, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Alfred Buxton, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
  • Director, Clinical Electrophysiology Laboratory
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Derya Caglar, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • University of Washington School of Medicine/Seattle Children’s Hospital

Diane P Calello, MD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Executive and Medical Director
  • New Jersey Poison Information and Education System
  • New Jersey Medical School
  • Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences

Lisa R Callahan, MD
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Cornell University Medical College

Clifton W Callaway, MD, PhD
  • Professor and Executive Vice Chair of Emergency Medicine,
  • University of Pittsburgh

Martin Camacho, MSN, CRNP, ACNP-BC, ENP-BC
  • Manager Department of Emergency Medicine
  • The Reading Hospital and Medical Center

Juan J Canoso, MD, MACR
  • ABC Medical Center, México City, Mexico
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA

Louis R Caplan, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Dennis A Cardone, DO
  • Associate Professor of Orthopedic Surgery
  • Chief, Division of Primary Care Sports Medicine
  • NYU Langone Medical Center

David Caro, MD
  • Program Director
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville

Jeffrey P Carpenter, MD
  • Professor and Chairman
  • Department of Surgery
  • Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Camden, NJ

Shamus Carr, MD, FACS
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine

Douglas J Casa, PhD, ATC, FNAK, FACSM, FNATA
  • Chief Executive Officer, Korey Stringer Institute
  • Professor, Department of Kinesiology
  • College of Agriculture, Health and Natural Resources, University of Connecticut

Mariana C Castells, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Alison Chantal Caviness, MD, MPH, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Alessandro Ceschi, MD
  • Head Division of Science
  • Swiss Toxicological Information Centre, Associated Institute of the University of Zurich
  • Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
  • University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland

Mariam R Chacko, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics/Adolescent & Sports Medicine
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Dipak Chandy, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Neurology
  • New York Medical College

Jennifer Chapman, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • George Washington University

Maureen Chase, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Pia Chatterjee, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • New York University School of Medicine

Ira M Cheifetz, MD, FCCM, FAARC
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Anesthesiology
  • Duke Children's Hospital

Katherine T Chen, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Science
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Christine Cho, MD, MPH, MEd
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
  • University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine,
  • Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Sanjiv Chopra, MD, MACP
  • Editor-in-Chief — Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  • Section Editor — General Hepatology; Gallbladder and Biliary Tract Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Senior Consultant in Hepatology
  • James Tullis Firm Chief
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Joseph Chorley, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Sports Medicine; Adolescent Sports Medicine
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Adolescent Medicine, and Sports Medicine
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Anthony W Chow, MD, FRCPC, FACP
  • Professor Emeritus of Medicine
  • University of British Columbia

Cindy Christian, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Jason Chu, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Vivian H Chu, MD, MHS
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Peter F Clardy, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Mark C Clark, MD, FAAEM, FAAP, FACEP
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Florida College of Medicine

Samuel Clarke, MD
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • University of California, Davis

Gilles Clermont, MDCM, MSc
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

James R Clugston, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor of Community Health and Family Medicine
  • University of Florida College of Medicine

Thomas D Coates, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Pathology
  • University of Southern California School of Medicine

Joanna Cohen, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • George Washington University

Wilson S Colucci, MD
  • Section Editor — Heart Failure
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Christopher Colwell, MD
  • Chief of Emergency Medicine
  • Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center
  • Professor and Vice-Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • University of California at San Francisco School of Medicine

Heidi M Connolly, MD, FASE
  • Section Editor — Congenital Heart Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Stephanie Cooper, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington

Spencer T Copland, MD
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor, Dept of Family Medicine, UNC
  • Sports Medicine Fellowship, Moses Cone Hospital System

Howard M Corneli, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Utah School of Medicine

Michael J Corwin, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Epidemiology
  • Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health

Carlton J Covey, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
  • Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

Ethan Cowan, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology & Population Health
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Joseph P Cravero, MD
  • Associate Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Boston Children's Hospital

Marianna Crowley, MD
  • Deputy Editor — Anesthesiology
  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Harvard Medical School

Adam Cuker, MD, MS
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Assistant Professor of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine University of Pennsylvania

Gary C Curhan, MD, ScD
  • Section Editor — Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Editor-in-Chief Emeritus
  • Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Donald Cutlip, MD
  • Section Editor — Interventional Cardiology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

F Michael Cutrer, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

James M Daniels, MD, MPH, RMSK
  • Professor of Family & Community Medicine and Orthopedic Surgery
  • Vice Chair and Director of Scholarly Activity
  • Department of Family & Community Medicine
  • Southern Illinois University School of Medicine

Richard Dart, MD, PhD
  • Professor
  • Director of Rocky Mountain Poison & Drug Center
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Filip De Keyser, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Rheumatology
  • Ghent University

Nirupama K De Silva, MD
  • Clinical Associate Professor
  • University of Oklahoma-Tulsa

Cooper Dean, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor
  • Department of Radiology
  • University of Florida College of Medicine

Michael R DeBaun, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Internal Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Peter DeBlieux, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Louisiana State University School of Medicine

Jason E Decker, MD, FAAP
  • Pediatrics and Sports Medicine
  • Private Practice

Christopher deFilippi, MD, FACC
  • Vice Chair of Academic Affairs
  • Inova Heart and Vascular Institute

David deLemos, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Baylor College of Medicine

João Delgado, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Richard Derby, MD
  • Faculty Teaching Physician
  • Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
  • St. Louis University Family Medicine Residency Program

Shoma Desai, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • LAC and USC Medical Center

Richard D deShazo, MD
  • Billy S Guyton Distinguished Professor
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of Mississippi Medical Center

Kevin deWeber, MD, FAAFP, FACSM
  • Family Medicine of SW Washington Residency
  • PeaceHealth SW Medical Center
  • Affiliate Associate Professor of Family Medicine
  • Oregon Health and Science University
  • Clinical Instructor of Family Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

William W Dexter, MD
  • Professor
  • University of Vermont College of Medicine
  • Director, Sports Medicine Program
  • Maine Medical Center

Richard A Deyo, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine and Family Medicine
  • Oregon Health & Science University

Pierre A d'Hemecourt, MD
  • Lecturer in Sports Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Lara K Dhingra, PhD
  • Assistant Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Carlo Di Lorenzo, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
  • Ohio State University

Deborah B Diercks, MD, MSc
  • Professor and Chair of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas

J Bryan Dixon, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
  • Michigan State University College of Human Medicine
  • Medical Director
  • United States Olympic Education Center

William P Docken, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Shira Doron, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Kathleen A Downey, MD
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Family Medicine
  • University of Cincinnati

Timothy Ryan Draper, DO, AAFP, CAQ Sports Medicine
  • Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
  • University of North Carolina School of Medicine
  • Associate Program Director
  • Cone Health Sports Medicine

Reed E Drews, MD
  • Section Editor — Complications of Cancer
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Frank W Drislane, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Karen Dull, MD
  • Instructor in Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Patrice Eiff, MD
  • Section Editor — Adult Orthopedics; Sports-Related Injuries
  • Professor of Family Medicine
  • Oregon Health & Science University

Matthew Eisenberg, MD
  • Instructor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

William J Elliott, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Hypertension
  • Professor of Preventive Medicine, Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
  • Head, Division of Pharmacology
  • Chair, Department of Biomedical Sciences
  • Pacific Northwest University of Health Sciences, Yakima, WA

S Jean Emans, MD
  • Mary Allen Avery Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael Emmett, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
  • Chief of Internal Medicine
  • Baylor University Medical Center

Jack Ende, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Erin E Endom, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Uta Erdbruegger, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia

Greg A Erens, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Emory University School of Medicine

Kristin Ernest, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Susan P Etheridge, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Utah School of Medicine

Adele Karen Evans, MD, FAAP
  • Associate Professor of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
  • Louisiana State University School of Medicine

Randolph W Evans, MD, FAAN
  • Clinical Professor of Neurology
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Robert C Eyre, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Khoulood Fakhoury, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Jay L Falk, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine and Emergency Medicine
  • University of Florida College of Medicine

Christopher H Fanta, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Richard J Farrell, MD
  • Gastroenterology Consultant, Connolly Hospital
  • Associate Clinical Professor, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Ronnie Fass, MD
  • AGA Peer Reviewer
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Case Western Reserve University

Rebecca K Fastle, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of New Mexico School of Medicine
  • Pediatric Emergency Medicine Fellowship Director

Pedram Fatehi, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Sara B Fazio, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Thomas Fekete, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Microbiology
  • Temple University School of Medicine

Peter Ferenci, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Medical University of Vienna

Caraciolo J Fernandes, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Jill Ferrari, PhD, BSc
  • Senior Lecturer, Podiatry
  • University of East London, United Kingdom

James Fiechtl, MD
  • Assistant Professor, Departments of Emergency Medicine and Orthopaedics
  • Vanderbilt University

Joshua J Field, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Medical College of Wisconsin

Karl B Fields, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Primary Care Sports Medicine (Adolescents and Adults)
  • Section Editor — Biomechanics, Rehabilitation, and Recovery; Sports-Related Injuries; Symptom Assessment and Physical Examination
  • Professor of Family Medicine and Sports Medicine
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Thomas M File, Jr, MD
  • Section Editor — Pulmonary Infections
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Northeast Ohio Medical University

Marc Fisher, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Douglas S Fishman, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Mary B Fishman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Eric Fleegler, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Gary R Fleisher, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
  • Egan Family Foundation Professor
  • Harvard Medical School

Joseph T Flynn, MD, MS
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington

Patricia M Flynn, MD
  • Member, Department of Infectious Diseases
  • St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Tennessee, Memphis

Kevin M Fosnocht, MD
  • Chief Medical Officer
  • Associate Executive Director
  • Penn Presbyterian Medical Center
  • University of Pennsylvania Health System

Katherine Walker Foster, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Family Medicine
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine

Caroline E Foust-Wright, MD, MBA
  • Assistant Professor of Urology/Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Tufts School of Medicine

Josephine R Fowler, MD, MSc
  • Acclaim Physician Group
  • JPS Health Network

Robert L Frank, MD, FACEP
  • Clinical Instructor in Emergency Medicine
  • Eastern Virginia School of Medicine

Andrew French, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Peter Fricker, MBBS, FACSP
  • Section Editor — Biomechanics, Rehabilitation, and Recovery; Exercise, Sports Nutrition, and Miscellaneous; Sports-Related Injuries
  • Adjunct Professor
  • Griffith University: Institute of Sport, Exercise, and Active Living
  • Victoria University

Ryan P Friedberg, MD
  • Clinical Instructor, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Lawrence S Friedman, MD
  • Section Editor — General Gastroenterology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Scott L Friedman, MD
  • Fishberg Professor of Medicine
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Susan Fuchs, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine

Karen L Furie, MD, MPH
  • Chair and Professor of Neurology
  • Alpert Medical School of Brown University

Joseph M Furman, MD, PhD
  • Professor
  • University of Pittsburgh

Ronald A Furnival, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • University of Minnesota Medical School

William H Gaasch, MD
  • Section Editor — Valvular Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Tufts University School of Medicine
  • Senior Consultant in Cardiology
  • Lahey Clinic

Scott A Gallagher, MD
  • Senior Clinical Instructor, Department of Surgery
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine

Matthew Gammons, MD
  • Medical Director of Sport Medicine
  • Vermont Orthopaedic Clinic

Vanthaya Gan, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Michael Ganetsky, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Leonard I Ganz, MD, FHRS, FACC
  • Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Director of Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • Heritage Valley Health System

Matthew F Gardiner, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology
  • Harvard Medical School

Ann C Garlitski, MD, FACC, FHRS
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine
  • Hofstra University

Robert L Geggel, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Douglas Gelb, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Neurology
  • University of Michigan Medical School

James N George, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

C Michael Gibson, MS, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Ramyar Gilani, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Anne C Gill, DrPH, MS, RN
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Medical Ethics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Olivia Gillion Boyer, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Pediatric Nephrology, Imagine Institute, Paris-Descartes University, Hôpital Necker - Enfants Malades, Paris, France

Michael M Givertz, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Stephen J Gluckman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Laura A Goguen, MD
  • Associate Professor in Otology and Laryngology
  • Harvard Medical School

Eric Goldberg, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine

Ary L Goldberger, MD
  • Section Editor — Electrocardiography
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael A Golden, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • University of Pennsylvania

Matthew Goldman, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor
  • Hofstra North Shore - LIJ School of Medicine

Rose H Goldman, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Associate Professor of Environmental Health Sciences
  • Harvard School of Public Health

Adam O Goldstein, MD, MPH
  • Professor
  • Department of Family Medicine
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Beth G Goldstein, MD
  • Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor
  • Department of Dermatology
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

David A Gorelick, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Psychiatry
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine

Ankush Gosain, MD, PhD, FACS, FAAP
  • Associate Professor of Surgery and Pediatrics
  • Children's Foundation Research Institute
  • Le Bonheur Children's Hospital
  • University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center

Collin S Goto, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas

Stephen S Gottlieb, MD
  • Section Editor — Heart Failure
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine

Mark A Graber, MD, MSHCE, FACEP
  • Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine and Family Medicine
  • University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine

Jocelyn R Gravlee, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Community Health and Family Medicine
  • University of Florida College of Medicine

Jonathan Grayzel, MD, FAAEM
  • Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Emergency Medicine (Adult and Pediatric)
  • Deputy Editor — Primary Care Sports Medicine (Adolescents and Adults)
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Christina L Greene, MD
  • Cardiothoracic Surgery Resident
  • Stanford University

Spencer Greene, MD, MS, FACEP, FACMT
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine
  • Director of Medical Toxicology
  • Section of Emergency Medicine

David Greenes, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Andrew J. M. Gregory, MD
  • Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medic

Howard Greller, MD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Hofstra North Shore/LIJ School of Medicine

Megan Groh Miller, MD
  • Primary Care Sports Medicine Specialist
  • Tri-Rivers Musculoskeletal Centers

Peter Grubel, MD
  • Borland-Groover Clinic, Florida

Moises Guelrud, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Amit Gupta, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • New York Downstate Medical Center/Staten Island University Hospital

Kalpana Gupta, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine
  • Chief, Infectious Diseases
  • Boston VA HCS

Haley Guzzo, MD
  • Johns Hopkins Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine

Peter Hackett, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine
  • Director, Institute for Altitude Medicine, Telluride, Colorado

Susan M Halbach, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatric Medicine
  • Seattle Children’s Hospital

Jean M Hammel, MD
  • Vice Chairman
  • Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Norwalk Hospital/Western CT Health Network

E. Mark Hammerberg, MD
  • Assistant Professor, University of Colorado Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Director of Adult Reconstruction Service, Denver Health Medical Center

Steven D Handler, MD, MBE
  • Professor, Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Robert R Hansebout, MD, FRCS(C), FACS
  • Professor Emeritus, Division of Neurosurgery
  • McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

Hordur S Hardarson, MD
  • Landspitali University Hospital

Marvin Harper, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Jason B Harris, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Brian S Harvey, DO
  • Pediatrics and Sports Medicine
  • Salina Pediatric Care
  • Salina Regional Health Center

Robert L Hatch, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Family Medicine
  • University of Florida College of Medicine

John R Hatzenbuehler, MD, FACSM
  • St. Luke's Wood River Family Medicine

Howard W Hauptman, MD
  • Chief of Rheumatology
  • Greater Baltimore Medical Center

Curtis W Hayes, MD
  • Professor of Radiology
  • Virginia Commonwealth University

David L Hayes, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Kennon Heard, MD
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

William G Heegaard, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Minnesota School of Medicine

Alan C Heffner, MD
  • Director of Critical Care
  • Director of ECMO Services
  • Pulmonary and Critical Care Consultants
  • Department of Internal Medicine
  • Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Carolinas Medical Center
  • Associate Clinical Professor
  • University of North Carolina School of Medicine

John E Heffner, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Oregon Health & Science University
  • Providence Portland Medical Center

Simon M Helfgott, MD
  • Section Editor — General Rheumatology and Related Topics
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

J Claude Hemphill, III, MD, MAS
  • Professor of Neurology
  • University of California, San Francisco

Robert G Hendrickson, MD
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Program Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship
  • Associate Medical Director, Oregon Poison Center
  • Oregon Health and Science University

Frederick M Henretig, MD
  • Professor Emeritus of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

William L Henrich, MD, MACP
  • Professor of Medicine
  • President of the Health Science Center
  • University of Texas Health Science Center School of Medicine

Albert C Hergenroeder, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Sports Medicine; Adolescent Sports Medicine
  • Professor & Chief of Pediatrics, Adolescent Medicine and Sports Medicine
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Christina Hernon, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine & Medical Toxicology
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Andrew D Hershey, MD, PhD, FAHS
  • Endowed Chair and Director of Neurology
  • Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Neurology
  • University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

Tamara Hew-Butler, DPM, PhD
  • Associate Professor, Exercise Science
  • Oakland University

Whitney A High, MD
  • Associate Professor of Dermatology and Dermatopathology
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Ivor D Hill, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Section Chief, Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
  • Nationwide Children's Hospital

Irl B Hirsch, MD
  • Section Editor — Diabetes Mellitus
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Judith S Hochman, MD
  • Harold Snyder Family Professor of Cardiology
  • New York University School of Medicine

Robert S Hockberger, MD, FACEP
  • Section Editor — Adult Signs and Symptoms
  • Emeritus Professor of Medicine
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Richard A Hodin, MD
  • Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Robert J Hoffman, MD
  • Qatar Poison Center
  • Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Sidra Medical and Research Center

Robert S Hoffman, MD
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Director, Division of Medical Toxicology, Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine
  • New York University School of Medicine

Brian D Hoit, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Physiology and Biophysics
  • Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals of Cleveland

Judd E Hollander, MD
  • Professor and Vice Chair Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Thomas Jefferson University

Munther K Homoud, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Thomas M Hooton, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Miami Miller School of Medicine

W Keith Hoots, MD
  • Director, Division of Blood Diseases and Resources
  • National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
  • National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland

Eric Hoppa, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Jason Hoppe, DO
  • Assistant Professor
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine

Peter Hou, MD
  • Instructor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Allyson S Howe, MD, FAAFP, CAQ Sports Medicine
  • Assistant Professor of Family and Sports Medicine
  • Tufts University

Chi-yuan Hsu, MD, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Francisco

Deborah C Hsu, MD, MEd
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Section of Emergency Medicine
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Linden Hu, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

J Stephen Huff, MD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Neurology
  • University of Virginia

John T Huggins, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Alice A Hunter, MD
  • Staff Orthopedist
  • Lahey Hospital and Medical Center

Peter H Hwang, MD
  • Professor
  • Chief, Division of Rhinology
  • Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Massimo Imazio, MD, FESC
  • Contract Professor of Physiology and Cardiology
  • University Division of Cardiology, Department of Medical Sciences, AOU Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino.
  • Department of Public Health and Pediatrics, University of Torino.

David H Ingbar, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Physiology, and Pediatrics
  • University of Minnesota School of Medicine

Silvio E Inzucchi, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Sabah Iqbal, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences

Mary Lloyd Ireland, MD
  • Associate Professor of Sports Medicine
  • University of Kentucky College of Medicine

Zacharia Isaac, MD
  • Section Editor — Soft Tissue Rheumatic Disease
  • Assistant Professor in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Harvard Medical School

Glenn C Isaacson, MD, FAAP
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Otolaryngology
  • Professor, Departments of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Pediatrics
  • Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University

Geoffrey K Isbister, MD
  • Professor, Clinical Toxicology Research Group
  • University of Newcastle, Australia

Paul Ishimine, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of California, San Diego School of Medicine

Jonathan Jackson, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
  • Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

Bret C Jacobs, DO, MA
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery
  • Division of Primary Care Sports Medicine
  • NYU Langone Medical Center

Deborah S Jacobs, MD
  • Associate Professor of Ophthalmology, Part-Time
  • Harvard Medical School

Andy Jagoda, MD
  • Professor and Chair Emeritus, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Ibrahim A Janahi, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Weill-Cornell Medical College, Qatar

Jeffrey G Jarvik, MD, MPH
  • Section Editor — Neuroradiology
  • Professor, Radiology, Neurological Surgery and Health Services
  • Adjunct Professor, Pharmacy and Orthopedics & Sports Medicine
  • Director, Comparative Effectiveness, Cost and Outcomes Research Center
  • University of Washington

Jill Jasper, MD
  • Adjunct Instructor of Pediatrics
  • University of Iowa

Neeru Jayanthi, MD
  • Associate Professor of Family Medicine and Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
  • Loyola University Medical Center

Carole Jenny, MD, MBA, FAAP
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Mark D Joffe, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Kimberly S Johnson, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Division of Geriatric Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Jacqueline Jones, MD
  • Pediatric Otolaryngology
  • Private Practice

Lynne C Jones, PhD
  • Associate Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Director, Center for Osteonecrosis Research and Education
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Maya A Jones, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Seattle Children's Hospital

Simon Jones, MD
  • Honorary Senior Lecturer
  • University of Manchester
  • Consultant in Paediatric Inborn Errors of Metabolism
  • Manchester Centre for Genomic Medicine

Samir V Joshi, MD, DCH, FAAP
  • Clinical Assistant Professor
  • University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey

Cecilia Matilda Jude, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Radiology
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Edward Kachur, MD, FRCS(C)
  • Assistant Professor, Division of Neurosurgery
  • McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

Howard Kadish, MD, MBA
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Division Chief, Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • University of Utah School of Medicine

Amy Kaji, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Raffi Kapitanyan, MD
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Kristine A Karlson, MD
  • Associate Professor of Community and Family Medicine and Orthopedics
  • Dartmouth Medical School

Umaprasanna S Karnam, MD
  • Jordan Valley Hospital
  • West Jordan, UT

Andrew M Kaunitz, MD
  • Professor and Associate Chairman
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • University of Florida College of Medicine-Jacksonville

Sangeeta Kaushik, MD
  • Attending Physician
  • Georgetown University Medical Center

Marsha Kay, MD
  • Chair, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
  • Cleveland Clinic

Yair Y Keilson, MD
  • Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine

Ciarán P Kelly, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Nancy R Kelly, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas

Stephen F Kemp, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of Mississippi Medical Center

John L Kendall, MD, FACEP
  • Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine

Stephanie Kennebeck, MD
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
  • Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center
  • University of Cincinnati School of Medicine

Harold L Kennedy, MD, MPH
  • Adjunctive Professor of Medicine and Cardiovascular Diseases
  • University of Missouri School of Medicine

Karim Khan, MD
  • Professor of Family Medicine
  • University of British Columbia

Andrew J Kienstra, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • University of Texas at Austin
  • Dell Medical School
  • Dell Children's Medical Center

Chun K Kim, MD
  • Associate Professor of Radiology
  • Harvard Medical School

Yukiko Kimura, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Rutgers University - New Jersey Medical School
  • Division Chief of Pediatric Rheumatology
  • Joseph M Sanzari Children's Hospital
  • Hackensack University Medical Center

Brent R King, MD, MMM
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • The Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University
  • Chief Medical Officer and Physician-in-Chief
  • Nemours Alfred I DuPont Hospital for Children

Christopher King, MD, FACEP
  • Professor and Chair of Emergency Medicine
  • Albany Medical College

Wendy L Kinzler, MD
  • Director
  • Adverse Pregnancy Outcome Program
  • Perinatal Associates/WCCA
  • Winthrop University Hospital

Bruce L Klein, MD
  • Visiting Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Monica Kleinman, MD
  • Associate Professor of Anaesthesia (Pediatrics)
  • Harvard Medical School

Carolyn E Kloek, MD
  • Instructor in Ophthalmology
  • Harvard Medical School

Kevin J Knoop, MD, MS
  • Staff Physician, Riverside Regional Medical Center, Newport News, VA
  • Clinical Professor of Military and Emergency Medicine, Uniformed Services
  • University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD

Robb D Kociol, MD
  • Associate Director
  • Advanced Heart Failure program
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
  • Instructor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Scott M Koehler, MD
  • Physician, Sports Medicine Specialist
  • Allina Health, Northfield, Minnesota

Bruce R Korf, MD, PhD
  • Wayne H. and Sara Crews Finley Chair in Medical Genetics
  • Professor and Chair, Department of Genetics
  • Director, Heflin Center for Genomic Sciences
  • The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB)

Milind J Kothari, DO
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Penn State College of Medicine

Csaba P Kovesdy, MD, FASN
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Baruch Krauss, MD, EdM, FAAP
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Paul Krogstad, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Molecular and Medical Pharmacology
  • Vice Chair for Academic Affairs, Department of Pediatrics
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

David Kruse, MD
  • Primary Care Sports Medicine
  • Orthopaedic Specialty Institute

Geoffrey Kuhlman, MD, CAQSM, FAAFP
  • Director of Sports Medicine
  • Hinsdale Family Practice Residency

Kapil Kumar, MD
  • Clinical Instructor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Shana Kusin, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medical Toxicology
  • Oregon Health and Science University

Brian E Lacy, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Chief, Section of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
  • Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

J Thomas Lamont, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  • Section Editor — Anorectal Disorders and Misc. Lower GI Disease; Nutrition, Malabsorption, and Misc. Upper GI Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Annie Lapointe, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor
  • University of Montreal, Canada

Regina LaRocque, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Anne M Larson, MD, FACP, FAASLD, AGAF
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • Clinic Chief
  • UW Medicine/NWH Hepatology
  • Northwest Hospital and Medical Center

Eric B Larson, MD, MPH
  • Executive Director
  • Group Health Research Institute
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Richard A Larson, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Hematology
  • Section Editor — Leukemia
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine

Shane L Larson, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
  • Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

Marc R Laufer, MD
  • Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
  • Harvard Medical School

Erik G Laurin, MD, FAAEM
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of California, Davis, Medical Center

Eric J Lavonas, MD
  • Interim Director, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Attending Physician, Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center, Denver Health
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Andrew G Lee, MD
  • Professor of Ophthalmology, Neurology, and Neurological Surgery
  • Weill Cornell College of Medicine

June A Lee, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • New York Presbyterian-Weill Cornell Medical Center

Lois K Lee, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Eric Legome, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine
  • SUNY Downstate School of Medicine
  • Chief of Emergency Medicine
  • Kings Count Hospital, Brooklyn

Thomas JA Lehman, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Rheumatology
  • Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
  • Cornell University Medical College

Anthony J Lembo, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Julie C Leonard, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Nationwide's Children's Hospital
  • The Ohio State University, College of Medicine
  • Department of Pediatrics, Division of Emergency Medicine and
  • Nationwide Children’s Hospital

Lawrence LK Leung, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Hematology
  • Section Editor — Disorders of Hemostasis and Coagulation
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Michael Levine, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Department of Emergency Medicine, section of Medical Toxicology
  • University of Southern California

William J Lewander, MD
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
  • Brown University

Erica L Liebelt, MD, FACMT
  • Executive Director/Medical Director
  • Washington Poison Center

Richard W Light, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Mark S Link, MD
  • Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Professor of Medicine
  • UT Southwestern Medical Center

Susan Lipsett, MD
  • Instructor in Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Charles J Lockwood, MD, MHCM
  • Section Editor — Obstetrics
  • Senior Vice President, USF Health
  • Dean, Morsani College of Medicine
  • Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • University of South Florida

Laura L Loftis, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

George F Longstreth, MD
  • Voluntary Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of California San Diego School of Medicine

Garrett Losh, MD
  • Otolaryngology
  • Private Practice at the Iowa Clinic

Frank LoVecchio, DO, MPH, FACEP
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine, Emergency Medicine
  • University of Arizona, Banner and Maricopa Medical Centers
  • Phoenix Children's Hospital

Jennifer A Lowry, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Missouri- Kansas City School of Medicine
  • Chief, Section of Clinical Toxicology
  • Medical Director, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutic Innovation
  • Medical Director, Center for Environmental Health
  • Children's Mercy Kansas City

Charles G Macias, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

James M Madsen, MD, MPH, FCAP, FACOEM, COL (ret), MC-FS, USA
  • US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, APG-EA, MD
  • Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD

Simon A Mahler, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Wake Forest School of Medicine

Sumit R Majumdar, MD, MPH
  • Professor
  • University of Alberta Medical School, Canada

Kelly Michele Malloy, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • University of Michigan Medical School

Scott Manaker, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Critical Care
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Jess Mandel, MD
  • Section Editor — Pulmonary Vascular Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Diego

Warren J Manning, MD
  • Section Editor — Noninvasive Cardiac Imaging and Stress Testing
  • Professor of Medicine and Radiology
  • Harvard Medical School

Catherine S Manno, MD
  • Pat and John Rosenwald, Jr. Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics
  • NYU School of Medicine

Erin N Marcus, MD, MPH, FACP
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • University of Miami Miller School of Medicine

Joseph E Marine, MD, FACC, FHRS
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Associate Director of Electrophysiology
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Gregory M Martin, MD
  • Medical Director, Orthopedic Institute at JFK Medical Center
  • Preferred Orthopedics of the Palm Beaches

Scott David Martin, MD
  • Associate Professor of Orthopedic Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Tamara L Martin, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Barbara M Mathes, MD, FACP, FAAD
  • Clinical Associate, Dermatology
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Secretary Treasurer
  • American Academy of Dermatology

David J Mathison, MD, MBA
  • Adjunct Professor of Pediatrics & Emergency Medicine
  • George Washington University School of Health Sciences
  • Pediatric Emergency Physician
  • Regional Medical Director for PM Pediatrics

Karen L Maughan, MD
  • Associate Professor of Family Medicine
  • University of Virginia

Ryanne J Mayersak, MD, MS
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Assistant Residency Director
  • Oregon Health & Science University

Julie Mayglothling, MD, FACEP, FCCM
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Associate Director, Center for Adult Critical Care
  • Virginia Commonwealth University

Robert Mazor, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Suzan Mazor, MD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Kenneth L McClain, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Texas Children's Cancer Center/Hematology Service
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Micah T McClain, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Division of Infectious Diseases
  • Duke University Medical Center

David K McCulloch, MD
  • Diabetologist
  • Washington Permanente Medical Group

Daniel McDermott, MD
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of California at San Francisco

Henderson McGinnis, MD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Thomas McGovern, MD
  • Private Practice
  • Fort Wayne, IN

Dennis J McTigue, DDS
  • Professor of Pediatric Dentistry
  • Ohio State University College of Dentistry

C Crawford Mechem, MD, FACEP
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

Garth Meckler, MD, MSHS
  • Division Head Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • BC Children's Hospital
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of British Columbia (UBC)

William P Meehan, III, MD
  • Director of The Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention
  • Division of Sports Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Orthopedics
  • Harvard Medical School

Ankit Mehta, MD
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Texas A&M College of Medicine, Dallas
  • Associate Program Director, Internal Medicine Residency, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas

Donna Reyes Mendez, MD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Texas Health Science Center (UTHSC) Medical School Houston

Anna H Messner, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Otolaryngology
  • Professor of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery and Pediatrics
  • Stanford University

Thomas J Mezzanotte, MD
  • Orthopaedic Traumatologist
  • McLeod Regional Medical Center

Lyle J Micheli, MD
  • Director, Division of Sports Medicine
  • Boston Children’s Hospital
  • Clinical Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Secretary General
  • International Federation of Sports Medicine

Nathan W Mick, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Tufts University School of Medical

William Middlesworth, MD, FAAP, FACS
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery and Pediatrics
  • Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons

Russell Migita, MD
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington Medical School

David A Miller, MD
  • Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Pediatrics
  • Keck School of Medicine
  • University of Southern California
  • Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Geoffrey Miller, MD
  • Professor Emeritus of Pediatrics and Neurology
  • Yale University

Marc L Miller, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Trevor J Mills, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of California, Davis

Alicia B Minns, MD
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Fellowship Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship
  • University of California San Diego School of Medicine

Erica Mitchell, MD, FACS
  • Professor of Surgery
  • Division of Vascular Surgery
  • Oregon Health & Science University

Marc E Mitchell, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • University of Mississippi School of Medicine

Manoj K Mittal, MD, MRCP (UK), FAAP
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Shahla Modarresi, MD
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Radiology
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Kenneth J Moise Jr, MD
  • Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences
  • Professor of Pediatric Surgery
  • University of Texas School of Medicine at Houston

Daren Molina, MD
  • Pediatrics, Adolescent Medicine, and Sports Medicine
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Michael A Mont, MD
  • Chair, Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Cleveland Clinic

Brian R Moore, MD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center

Ernest E Moore, MD
  • Vice Chairman for Research
  • Professor of Surgery
  • University of Colorado Denver

Gregory Moore, MD, JD
  • Emergency Medicine Residency
  • Madigan Army Medical Center

Stefan Moosmayer, MD, PhD
  • Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon
  • Department of Orthopedic Surgery
  • Martina Hansens Hospital

Maria E Moreira, MD
  • Section Editor — Adult Trauma
  • Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine
  • Residency Program Director
  • Denver Health Residency in Emergency Medicine

David B Mount, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

J Brent Muhlestein, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Utah

Michael T Mullen, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Neurology
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Sean W Mulvaney, MD
  • Sports Medicine Fellow
  • Uniformed Services University

Arun Nagdev, MD
  • Medicine Director, Emergency Ultrasound
  • Highland General Hospital
  • Assistant Clinical Professor
  • University of California, San Francisco

Joshua Nagler, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Govind Nandakumar, MD, FACS, FASCRS
  • Chief of Gastrointestinal Surgery & GI Oncosurgery
  • Columbia Asia Hospitals Bangalore
  • Courtesy Faculty, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York

Sandeep K Narang, MD, JD
  • Fulbright-Nehru Scholar & Division Head of Child Abuse Pediatrics
  • Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics (Child Abuse)
  • Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine

Sara Neal, MD
  • Associate Professor of Family Medicine
  • Moses Cone Health System

Lewis Nelson, MD
  • Professor and Chair of Emergency Medicine
  • Rutgers New Jersey Medical School
  • New Jersey Poison Information & Education System

David G Neschis, MD
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Surgery
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine

Mark I Neuman, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Kim Newton, MD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Southern California

Lynnette K Nieman, MD
  • Section Editor — Adrenal Disease
  • Senior Investigator
  • Bethesda, MD

Peter A Nigrovic, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Errol R Norwitz, MD, PhD, MBA
  • Professor and Chair
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Tufts Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine

Michael J O'Brien, MD
  • Director of the Sports Concussion Clinic
  • Division of Sports Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital
  • Assistant Professor of Orthopedics
  • Harvard Medical School

Ayrn O'Connor, MD
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix

Francis G O'Connor, MD, MPH, FACSM
  • Section Editor — Sports-Related Injuries; Symptom Assessment and Physical Examination; Medical Issues Related to Sports and Exercise
  • Professor of Military and Emergency Medicine
  • Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

Oladapo Odujebe, MD
  • Assistant Professor and Medical Toxicologist
  • Emory University and Georgia Poison Control Center

Christopher S Ogilvy, MD
  • Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Aderonke Ojo, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Mark D Okusa, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia Health System

Jamary Oliveira Filho, MD, MS, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Neuroanatomy
  • Federal University of Bahia
  • Director, Neurocritical Care Unit
  • Hospital Santa Izabel, Brazil

Anthony P Olivé, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Brian Olshansky, MD
  • Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine
  • Des Moines University

W Charles O'Neill, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Emory University School of Medicine

Steven Orebaugh, MD
  • Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Dennis P Orgill, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Kevin C Osterhoudt, MD, MS
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Kathryn K Ostermaier, MD, FAAP
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine
  • Director of the Texas Children's Spina Bifida Clinic and the Texas Children's Down Syndrome Clinic

Catherine M Otto, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Section Editor — Cardiac Evaluation; Valvular Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington

Aimee Pak, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Augusta University Medical Center

Shea Palamountain, MD
  • Texas Children's Pediatrics
  • Houston, TX

Paul M Palevsky, MD
  • Section Editor — Renal Failure
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh
  • VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System

Biff F Palmer, MD
  • Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Jan Paradise, MD
  • Department of Pediatrics
  • Signature Medical Group - Easton, MA

Manoj Pariyadath, MD
  • Ultrasound Director
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center

Craig Parsons, MS, PT
  • The Physical Therapy Network

Nishaben Patel, MD
  • Assistant Professor Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition
  • University of Rochester Medical Center

Zara M Patel, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Division of Rhinology
  • Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Jon Patricios, MBBCh, MMedSci, FACSM, FFSEM (UK)
  • Extraordinary Lecturer, Section of Sports Medicine
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa
  • Honorary Lecturer, Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences
  • University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

Gregory Pearl, MD
  • Professor of Surgery
  • Texas A&M Health Sciences Center
  • Chief, Division of Vascular Surgery
  • Baylor University Medical Center

John H Pemberton, MD
  • Professor of Surgery
  • Mayo Clinic and Mayo Medical School

Robert M Penner, BSc, MD, FRCPC, MSc
  • Assistant Clinical Professor
  • University of Alberta, Canada

Mark A Peppercorn, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Tamas R Peredy, MD, FACEP, FACMT
  • Medical Director
  • Florida Poison Information Center (FPIC) - Tampa

Catherine E Perron, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Jeanmarie Perrone, MD, FACMT
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Holly Perry, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

David J Petron, MD
  • Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics
  • University of Utah

James A Pfaff, MD, FACEP, FAAEM
  • Assistant Professor
  • Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences

Nicholas Phan, MD, FRCSC, FACS
  • Assistant Professor, Division of Neurosurgery
  • Department of Surgery
  • University of Toronto

Robert Phang, MD, FACC, FHRS
  • Electrophysiologist
  • Albany Associates in Cardiology

Michael E Pichichero, MD
  • Director, Research Institute
  • Rochester General Hospital

Duane S Pinto, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Philip J Podrid, MD, FACC
  • Professor of Medicine, Professor of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
  • Boston University School of Medicine
  • Lecturer, Harvard Medical School

Wendy J Pomerantz, MD, MS
  • Co-Director, Injury Free Coalition of Greater Cincinnati
  • Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
  • Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Russell K Portenoy, MD
  • Chief Medical Officer
  • MJHS Hospice and Palliative Care
  • Professor of Neurology and Family and Social Medicine
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Charles N Pozner, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Glenn M Preminger, MD
  • Section Editor — Renal Ureteral Stones
  • Professor of Urologic Surgery
  • Duke University Medical Center
  • Director of Education
  • Endourological Society

Tore A Prestgaard, MD
  • Department of Neurology, Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Drammen Hospital, Norway
  • Board Member of the Scandinavian Foundation of Medicine and Science in Sports

Mark R Proctor, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurosurgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Lori Prok, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Dermatology and Pediatrics
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine

Jordan M Prutkin, MD, MHS, FHRS
  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Electrophysiology Section
  • University of Washington

Ching-Hon Pui, MD
  • Chair of the Department of Oncology
  • Fahad Al-Rashid Chair of Leukemia Research
  • St. Jude's Children's Hospital
  • American Cancer Society Professor
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Margot Putukian, MD, FACSM
  • Director of Athletic Medicine
  • Princeton University
  • Associate Clinical Professor
  • Robert Wood Johnson Medical School - University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey

James Quinn, MD, MS
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Stanford University

Dmitry J Rabkin, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Division of Angiography and Interventional Radiology
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital

Leslie Raffini, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Pennsylvania

Catherine Rogers Rainbow, MD, SMCAQ
  • Clinical Instructor
  • University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Ali Raja, MD, MBA, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Executive Vice Chairman
  • Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital

Susan M Ramin, MD
  • The American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ABOG)

Chris Ramsook, MD
  • Attending Physician
  • Phoenix Children's Hospital

Muhammad Ramzan, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Neurology
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Rama B Rao, MD
  • Assistant Professor Emergency Medicine and Medical Toxicology
  • Weill Cornell Medical Center, Cornell University

K Rajender Reddy, MD
  • Ruimy Family President's Distinguished Professor of Medicine
  • Professor of Medicine in Surgery
  • Director of Hepatology
  • Director, Viral Hepatitis Center
  • Medical Director of Liver Transplantation
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Guy S Reeder, MD
  • Section Editor — Coronary Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Jerrie S Refuerzo, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Alex Reyentovich, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • NYU Langone School of Medicine

Karina Reyner Pauly, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Texas A&M College of Medicine

Sean H Rhyee, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, Division of Medical Toxicology
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Phillip L Rice, Jr, MD
  • Instructor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

David Richards, MD, FACEP
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Margaret E Rick, MD
  • Adjunct Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • Uniformed University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD

David Ring, MD, PhD
  • Associate Dean for Comprehensive Care
  • Dell Medical School, University of Texas at Austin

Jon C Rittenberger, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh

Mark G Roback, MD
  • Professor, Department of Pediatrics
  • University of Minnesota Medical School

David W Roberson, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Harvard Medical School

Darren M Roberts, MBBS, PhD, FRACP
  • Clinical Toxicologist, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital
  • Nephrologist, Canberra Hospital
  • Associate Professor, Australian National University

William O Roberts, MD, MS, FACSM
  • Professor of Family Medicine and Community Health
  • University of Minnesota Medical School

W Neal Roberts, Jr, MD
  • Chief of Rheumatology
  • University of Lousiville

Don C Rockey, MD
  • Chairman, Department of Medicine
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Leonel A Rodriguez, MD, MS
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Director, Colorectal Program
  • Co-Director, Colorectal and Pelvic Malformation Center, Assistant in Pediatrics

Thomas A Roesler, MD
  • Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Michael Ronthal, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Guy Rordorf, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Harold N Rosen, MD
  • Associate Professor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Jonathan M Rosen, MD
  • Director
  • Undergraduate Medical Education
  • Associate Dean
  • University of Vermont College of Medicine
  • Western Connecticut Health Network

Chris Rosenbaum, MD, MSc, FACEP
  • Assistant Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Tufts University Medical School
  • Director of Medical Toxicology
  • Newton-Wellesley Hospital

James T Rosenbaum, MD
  • Professor of Ophthalmology, Medicine, and Cell Biology
  • Oregon Health & Science University
  • Chief of Ophthalmology
  • Devers Eye Institute, Portland, Oregon

Scott B Rosenfeld, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery and Scoliosis
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Ellen WK Rosenquist, MD
  • Section Editor — Acute and Chronic Pain
  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Department of Pain Management
  • Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Mitchell H Rosner, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia Health System

Douglas S Ross, MD
  • Section Editor — Thyroid Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Jonathan Ross, MD
  • Professor of Sexual Health and HIV
  • Department of Sexual Health and HIV
  • University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust

Jean-Claude Roujeau, MD
  • Section Editor — Drug Eruptions
  • Emeritus Professor of Dermatology
  • Université Paris-Est Créteil (UPEC), Créteil, France

Jayanta Roy-Chowdhury, MD, MRCP
  • Professor of Medicine and Genetics
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Namita Roy-Chowdhury, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine and Genetics
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Richard M Ruddy, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
  • University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

Bruce A Runyon, MD
  • Section Editor — Cirrhosis and Its Complications
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of New Mexico, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  • Special Hepatology Consultant to the Indian Health Service
  • Northern Navajo Medical Center, Shiprock, New Mexico

Michael S Runyon, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Chief of Academic Affairs and Faculty Development
  • Carolinas HealthCare System

Karen Russo-Stieglitz, MD
  • Consulting Perinatologist
  • Morristown Medical Center

Seward B Rutkove, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Leticia Manning Ryan, MD, MPH, FAAP
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Division of Emergency Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins Children's Center

Mark L Ryan, PharmD
  • Director, Louisiana Poison Center
  • LSU Health Sciences Center - Shreveport
  • Assistant Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine
  • LSU Health Sciences Center
  • Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Section of Clinical Toxicology

Jeremiah J Sabado, MD
  • Clinical Instructor of Radiology and Pediatrics
  • Sidney Kimmel Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University

Karin Sadow, MD
  • Medical Director
  • PM Pediatrics of Mamaroneck

John C Sakles, MD
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Arizona College of Medicine

Richard A Saladino, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Jack C Salerno, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Arrhythmia and Pacing Services
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Steven D Salhanick, MD
  • Staff Toxicologist
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Children's Hospital Boston, and The Center for Poison Information & Control;
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

John R Saltzman, MD, FACP, FACG, FASGE, AGAF
  • Section Editor — Therapeutic and Diagnostic Endoscopy
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

John H Sampson, MD, PhD, MBA
  • Robert H. and Gloria Wilkins Distinguished Professor of Neurosurgery
  • Professor of Biomedical Engineering, Immunology, and Pathology
  • Chair, Department of Neurosurgery
  • Duke University Medical Center

Owen B Samuels, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery
  • Emory University

Claudio Sandoval, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • New York Medical College

Arun J Sanyal, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine

Thomas T Sato, MD, FACS, FAAP
  • CEO Children’s Specialty Group
  • Senior Associate Dean of Clinical Affairs
  • Professor of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery
  • Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin/Medical College of Wisconsin

William H Sauer, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Richard J Scarfone, MD, FAAP
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Steven C Schachter, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Susan A Scherl, MD
  • Professor of Orthopedic Surgery
  • University of Nebraska

David Schiff, MD
  • Professor of Neurology, Neurological Surgery, and Medicine
  • University of Virginia School of Medicine

Stanley L Schrier, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Hematology
  • Section Editor — Myeloproliferative Disorders; Red Blood Cell Disorders
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Sara Schutzman, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Harvard Medical School

Paula Schweich, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Alex Scott, PhD, RPT
  • Associate Professor of Physical Therapy
  • University of British Columbia

Robert D Sege, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Steven A Seifert, MD, FAACT, FACMT
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of New Mexico School of Medicine

Daniel J Sexton, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — Bacterial Infections
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Mark Edwin Shaffrey, MD
  • Professor and Chairman
  • UVA Health System
  • Department of Neurological Surgery

Amy D Shapiro, MD
  • Medical Director
  • Indiana Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center
  • Adjunct Professor of Pediatrics
  • Michigan State University

Peter Shearer, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine

J Greene Shepherd, PharmD
  • Professor of Clinical Pharmacy
  • University of North Carolina - Eshelman School of Pharmacy

Wes Shepherd, MD, FCCP
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center

Scott C Sherman, MD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Rush Medical College

Thomas D Shipp, MD, RDMS
  • Associate Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
  • Harvard Medical School

Robert H Shmerling, MD
  • Section Editor — Diagnostic Issues in Rheumatology
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Baha M Sibai, MD
  • Professor, Maternal-Fetal Medicine Division
  • Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences
  • The University of Texas Medical School at Houston

Mark D Siegel, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Ronald C Silvestri, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Barry P Simmons, MD
  • Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael Simons, MD
  • Robert W Berliner Professor of Medicine
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Stephen M Simons, MD, FACSM
  • Co-Director
  • South Bend-Notre Dame Sports Medicine Fellowship

Kelly Sinclair, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • The Children's Mercy Hospital

Jonathan I Singer, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Surgical Emergencies
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
  • Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine

Robert J Singer, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurosurgery
  • Neurovascular Therapeutics
  • Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Paul E Sirbaugh, DO
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Marco L A Sivilotti, MD, MSc, FRCPC, FACEP, FACMT
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine and of Biomedical & Molecular Sciences
  • Queen's University, Kingston Canada

Mark Slabaugh, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences

Gerald W Smetana, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Douglas Smink, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Jonathan H Smith, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Neurology
  • University of Kentucky

Judith A Smith, PharmD, BCOP, CPHQ, FCCP, FISOPP
  • Associate Professor and Director
  • Women's Health Integrative Medicine Research Program, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Roger P Smith, MD
  • Assistant Dean for Graduate Medical Education
  • Professor of Clinical Biologic Sciences
  • Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University

Stephen W Smith, MD
  • Department of Emergency Medicine, Hennepin County Medical Center
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Minnesota School of Medicine

Hannah F Smitherman, MD
  • Attending Physician
  • Cook Children's Physician Network

Greg Snead, MD
  • Chief of Emergency Ultrasound
  • University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

James V Snyder, MD
  • Professor Emeritus, Department of Critical Care Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Jack D Sobel, MD
  • Professor
  • Wayne State University School of Medicine

Frederick S Southwick, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Florida

Taunton R Southwood, MD, FRACP, FRCPA, FRCP, FRCPCH
  • Professor
  • University of Birmingham and Birmingham Children's Hospital

David I Soybel, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — General Surgery
  • Section Editor — Upper GI Surgery
  • David L. Nahrwold Professor
  • Penn State Hershey Medical Center

Denis Spelman, MBBS, FRACP, FRCPA, MPH
  • Adjunct Professor, Monash University
  • Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia

David Spragg, MD, FHRS
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins Hospital and Bayview Medical Center

Charles E Spritzer, MD
  • Professor, Department of Radiology
  • Chief MSK Division
  • Duke University School of Medicine

Saranya Srinivasan, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine
  • Pediatric Emergency Medicine Attending
  • Texas Children's Hospital

Anne M Stack, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Procedures
  • Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Thomas O Staiger, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Graeme S Steele, MBBCh, FCS
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Timothy R Sterling, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Richard H Sterns, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
  • Professor Emeritus
  • University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry

Dennis L Stevens, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

David B Stewart, MD, FACS, FASCRS
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Penn State Hershey Medical Center

Andrew Stolbach, MD, MPH, FAACT, FACMT, FACEP
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University

James K Stoller, MD, MS
  • Section Editor — Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • Jean Wall Bennett Professor of Medicine, Samson Global Leadership Academy Endowed Chair
  • Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
  • Chairman, Education Institute, Cleveland Clinic

Kimberly P Stone, MD, MS, MA
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington

Andrea Stracciolini, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Lisa Strate, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington Medical School

Christopher G Strother, MD
  • Assistant Professor, Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Mark Su, MD, MPH
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • New York University School of Medicine

Martin I Surks, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Pathology
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

David L Swanson, MD
  • Associate Professor of Dermatology
  • Mayo Clinic

Harold Szerlip, MD, FACP, FCCP, FASN, FNKF
  • Director, Nephrology Division, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas
  • Program Director, Nephrology Training Program, Baylor University Medical Center
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine, Texas A&M College of Medicine
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine, Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine

Matthew D Sztajnkrycer, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Jonathan Taffe, MD
  • Shands Teaching Physician
  • University of Florida College of Medicine

Victor F Tapson, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Robert C Tasker, MBBS, MD
  • Professor of Neurology and Anaesthesia (Pediatrics)
  • Harvard Medical School

Cole Taylor, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
  • Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

George A Taylor, MD
  • John A Kirkpatrick Professor of Radiology (Pediatrics)
  • Harvard Medical School

Stephen J Teach, MD, MPH
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences

Ayalew Tefferi, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Hematology
  • Mayo Medical School

David A Tendler, MD
  • Assistant Consulting Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University

Angela Tewari, MBBS, BSc, MRCP, PhD
  • King’s College, London

Matthew Tews, DO
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Medical College of Georgia

Arthur C Theodore, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

John S Tipton, MD
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Family Medicine
  • University of North Carolina

John E Tis, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Stephen Titus, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
  • Fort Belvoir Community Hospital Family Medicine Residency
  • Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

Derrick J Todd, MD, PhD
  • Instructor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Susan B Torrey, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Resuscitation; Pediatric Trauma
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine
  • Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Texas Children’s Hospital

Marsha J Treadwell, PhD
  • Clinical Scientist
  • Northern California Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center
  • Department of Hematology/Oncology
  • UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland

George Triadafilopoulos, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Alex Troncoso, MD
  • Assistant Director of Emergency Services
  • Robert Wood Johnson – Hamilton Hospital

Togas Tulandi, MD, MHCM
  • Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Milton Leong Chair in Reproductive Medicine
  • McGill University, Canada

Allan R Tunkel, MD, PhD, MACP
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University

Teri Lee Turner, MD, MPH, MEd
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

D Scott Upton, MD
  • Sports Medicine
  • Private Practice, San Diego

Neil G Uspal, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • University of Washington
  • Attending Physician
  • Seattle Children's Hospital

Nimish B Vakil, MD, AGAF, FACP, FACG, FASGE
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Rudolph P Valentini, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Wayne State University School of Medicine

Joseph Varon, MD, FACP, FCCP, FCCM, FRSM
  • Professor of Acute and Continuing Care, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine, The University of Texas Medical Branch

Monica S Vavilala, MD
  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics
  • University of Washington

Santhi Swaroop Vege, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic

Larissa I Velez, MD
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Richard S Vetter, MS
  • Department of Entomology
  • University of California, Riverside

Elliott P Vichinsky, MD
  • Adjunct Professor
  • University of California San Francisco

Xavier Villa, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
  • University of Texas Medical Branch

Nghia "Jack" Vo, MD
  • Associate Professor of Radiology, Chief of Pediatric Radiology
  • Medical College of Wisconsin and the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
  • Pediatric Diagnostic and Vascular Interventional Radiologist

Charles M Vollmer, Jr, MD
  • Professor of Surgery
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Timothy J Von Fange, MD
  • Family Medicine and Sports Performance Clinical Faculty
  • St. Vincent Family Medicine Residency

Ellen R Wald, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

David Richard Walega, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Ron M Walls, MD, FRCPC, FAAEM
  • Editor-in-Chief — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Section Editor — Adult Resuscitation
  • Neskey Family Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital

Theresa Walls, MD, MPH
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Mark Waltzman, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

George Sam Wang, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus
  • Children's Hospital Colorado

Christine A Wanke, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Public Health
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Lisa Warren, MD
  • Section Editor — Regional Anesthesia
  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Kathryn W Weibrecht, MD
  • Emergency Medicine Physician
  • Morton Hospital

Amy Weil, MD, FACP
  • Professor of Medicine and Social Medicine
  • University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Steven E Weinberger, MD
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • Executive Vice President and CEO Emeritus
  • American College of Physicians

Lauren N Weinberger Conlon, MD
  • Assistant Professor Department of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania

Debra L Weiner, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Gerald L Weinhouse, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Amy C Weintrob, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • The George Washington University and Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Scott L Weiss, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology, Critical Care, and Pediatrics
  • The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania

Barbara N Weissman, MD
  • Professor of Radiology
  • Harvard Medical School

David E Wesson, MD
  • Professor of Surgery
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Patrick West, MD
  • Clinical Instructor, Medical Toxicology Fellow
  • Department of Emergency Medicine, Oregon Health and Sciences University
  • Staff Physician, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Stephanie G Wheeler, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington

Julian White, AM, MB, BS, MD, FACTM
  • Professor
  • The University of Adelaide

Klane White, MD
  • Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Christopher T Whitlow, MD, PhD, MHA
  • Associate Professor and Chief of Neuroradiology
  • Wake Forest School of Medicine

Timothy J Wiegand, MD, DABAM, FACMT, FAACT
  • Director of Medical Toxicology and Toxicology Consult Service
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • URMC and Strong Memorial Hospital

Harold C Wiesenfeld, MD, CM
  • Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Eelco FM Wijdicks, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Mayo Medical School

Arek Wiktor, MD, FACS
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • Burn, Trauma, Critical Care
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH
  • Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Deputy Editor — Primary Care Sports Medicine (Adolescents and Adults)
  • Clinical Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine/Traumatology
  • University of Connecticut School of Medicine

James F Winchester, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

John R Wingard, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Florida College of Medicine

Joyce E Wipf, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington

Char Witmer, MD, MSCE
  • Assistant Professor, Division of Hematology
  • The University of Pennsylvania
  • The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Kathleen A Wittels, MD
  • Instructor of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Eric T Wong, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Y Joseph Woo, MD
  • Department Chair, Cardiothoracic Surgery
  • Stanford University

Charles R Woods, MD, MS
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Louisville School of Medicine

George A Woodward, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Michael J Wright, MBChB, MSc
  • Consultant in Clinical Genetics
  • Northern Genetics Service
  • Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

Julian K Wu, MD
  • Professor of Neurosurgery
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

John V Wylie, MD, FACC
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts Medical School

Robert Wynn, MD, MRCP, FRCPath
  • Consultant in Paediatric Haematology and Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • Royal Manchester Children's Hospital

Donald L Yee, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Daniel Dante Yeh, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • University of Miami
  • Ryder Trauma Center
  • Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma

Shan Yin, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Cincinnati School of Medicine
  • Division of Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital
  • Medical Director, Cincinnati Drug and Poison Information Center

Gil Yosipovitch, MD
  • Department of Dermatology
  • University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine

Antony R Young, PhD
  • Professor
  • St John's Institute of Dermatology, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine
  • King's College London, London, United Kingdom

Michael P Young, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Ken Zafren, MD, FAAEM, FACEP, FAWM
  • Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Stanford University Medical Center
  • Emergency Programs Medical Director, State of Alaska

Salam F Zakko, MD, FACP, AGAF
  • Executive Director, Connecticut Gastroenterology Institute
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Craig H Zalvan, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • New York Medical College

Richard D Zane, MD
  • Section Editor — Emergency Medical Services/Disaster Medicine
  • Professor and Chair of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Mark L Zeidel, MD
  • Hermann L. Blumgart Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School Physician-in-Chief and Chair
  • Department of Medicine Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Peter J Zimetbaum, MD
  • Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Bruce Zuraw, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California San Diego

Deborah L Zvosec, PhD
  • Research Associate, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Hennepin County Medical Center

Peer Reviewers



Joan Bothner, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Diane P Calello, MD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Executive and Medical Director
  • New Jersey Poison Information and Education System
  • New Jersey Medical School
  • Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences

Brendan T Campbell, MD, MPH
  • Director, Pediatric Trauma
  • Connecticut Children's Medical Center

Vincent Chiang, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Christopher Colwell, MD
  • Chief of Emergency Medicine
  • Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center
  • Professor and Vice-Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • University of California at San Francisco School of Medicine

Jeffrey Cukor, MD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Tom Germano, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Brown University

Andis Graudins, MB, BS, PhD, FACEM, FACMT
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine Research and Clinical Toxicologist
  • Monash University and Southern Health

Frederick M Henretig, MD
  • Professor Emeritus of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

Robert S Hockberger, MD, FACEP
  • Section Editor — Adult Signs and Symptoms
  • Emeritus Professor of Medicine
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Geoffrey K Isbister, MD
  • Professor, Clinical Toxicology Research Group
  • University of Newcastle, Australia

Paul Ishimine, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of California, San Diego School of Medicine

Jaicharan J Iyengar, MD
  • Orthopaedic Surgeon
  • Shoulder, Elbow and Sports Medicine
  • Alpine Orthopaedic Medical Group

Brent R King, MD, MMM
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • The Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University
  • Chief Medical Officer and Physician-in-Chief
  • Nemours Alfred I DuPont Hospital for Children

Baruch Krauss, MD, EdM, FAAP
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

David C Lee, MD
  • Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • New York University School of Medicine

Mark C Lee, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Alex V Levin, MD, MHSc
  • Chief of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Ocular Genetics
  • Wills Eye Institute

Matthew R Lewin, MD, PhD
  • Director
  • Center for Exploration and Travel Health California Academy of Sciences
  • San Francisco, CA

John Loiselle, MD, FAAP
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University

Frank LoVecchio, DO, MPH, FACEP
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine, Emergency Medicine
  • University of Arizona, Banner and Maricopa Medical Centers
  • Phoenix Children's Hospital

Angela Lumba, MD, FAAP
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Charles G Macias, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Simon A Mahler, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Wake Forest School of Medicine

Shannon Manzi, PharmD
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor
  • Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Allied Health Services University
  • University of Connecticut School of Pharmacy
  • Clinical Assistant Professor
  • Northeastern University

Charles A McKay Jr., MD
  • Section Chief, Division of Medical Toxicology
  • Department of Traumatology and Emergency Medicine
  • Hartford Hospital
  • Associate Medical Director, Connecticut Poison Control Center
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Connecticut School of Medicine
  • Board of Directors, American Co

Santiago Mintegi, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of the Basque Country

David P Mooney, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Joshua Nagler, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Andrew Newman, MD, FCCP
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Ryan Petering, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Family and Sports Medicine
  • Oregon Health and Sciences University

Kristan A Pierz, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
  • University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Mark R Proctor, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurosurgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Sean H Rhyee, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, Division of Medical Toxicology
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Mark G Roback, MD
  • Professor, Department of Pediatrics
  • University of Minnesota Medical School

Russel J Roberts, PharmD, FCCM, BCCCP
  • Clinical Manager
  • Emergency Department and Critical Care Services
  • Massachusetts General Hospital

David R Roth, MD
  • Professor of Urology
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Michelle Ruha, MD
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Arizona College of Medicine, Phoenix

Paula Schweich, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Steven A Seifert, MD, FAACT, FACMT
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of New Mexico School of Medicine

Adam Silverman, MD, FAAP
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Barry Simon, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of California San Francisco

Jonathan I Singer, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Surgical Emergencies
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
  • Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine

Sharon R Smith, MD
  • Emergency Medicine Physician, Research Director for the Emergency Department,
  • University of Connecticut

Michael J Soltis, MD
  • Assistant Professor, Pediatrics
  • Connecticut Children's Medical Center

Mark Su, MD, MPH
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • New York University School of Medicine

Robert C Tasker, MBBS, MD
  • Professor of Neurology and Anaesthesia (Pediatrics)
  • Harvard Medical School

Stephen J Teach, MD, MPH
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
  • George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences

Jeffrey Thomson, MD
  • Associate Professor, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery
  • University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Elizabeth W Weber, MD, MS
  • University of Minnesota School of Medicine

David E Wesson, MD
  • Professor of Surgery
  • Baylor College of Medicine

George A Woodward, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Todd Wylie, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Program Director, Pediatric Emergency Medicine Fellowship
  • Department of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Florida College of Medicine - Jacksonville

Shan Yin, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Cincinnati School of Medicine
  • Division of Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital
  • Medical Director, Cincinnati Drug and Poison Information Center

William T Zempsky, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Connecticut School of Medicine