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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 52

of 'Approach to the evaluation of dysphagia in adults'

Comparison of endoscopy and barium swallow with marshmallow in dysphagia.
Somers S, Stevenson GW, Thompson G
Can Assoc Radiol J. 1986;37(2):73.
Forty-four patients with dysphagia were examined both by endoscopy and by barium swallow with a marshmallow bolus. In these patients 36 stenoses were found: 34 by radiology and 30 by endoscopy. The radiologic criteria for stenosis included arrest of the marshmallow in a manner to support a column of barium and reproduction of the patient's symptoms at the time this occurred. Radiologic false negative findings were partly due to an inability by patients to swallow an adequate marshmallow bolus; endoscopic failures were associated with small endoscopes and mild stenoses.