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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 46

of 'Antithrombin deficiency'

Anticoagulant proteins in a population of Mexican mestizo donors.
Meillón-García LA, Hernández-Zamora E, Montiel-Manzano G, Zavala-Hernández C, Ramírez-San Juan E, Cesarman-Maus G, Reyes-Maldonado E
Ann Vasc Surg. 2015 Feb;29(2):222-6. Epub 2014 Nov 24.
BACKGROUND: To determine the activity of antithrombin (AT), protein C (PC), and protein S (PS), as well as the frequency of deficiencies of these proteins in a population of healthy Mexican mestizo blood donors.
METHODS: AT, PC, and PS were determined from 1,502 plasma samples of healthy blood donors by using commercial kits in a coagulometer 4 STA (Diagnostica Stago, Asnières, France).
RESULTS: A total of 741 women and 761 men were under study. They were divided into age range groups (18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, and 55-64 years). Activity of AT, PC, and PS was determined. For AT, activity values were specific for each age group according to gender when it had to do with PS, as well as when PC was determined. Frequencies of AT, PC, PS, and activated PC resistance activity deficiencies were obtained from reference levels (RLs) and average levels of this study. Differences were found between both frequencies for AT, PC, and PS, and the average levels obtained were used in this study. The frequencies of the activity deficiencies obtained through the values gotten in this population were: AT, 0.6%; PC, 1.06% (which is higher than the one obtained using the RLs described by commercial kits 0.33% and 0.66%, respectively); and PS, 1% (which is less than 4.5%).
CONCLUSIONS: It is necessary to know the characteristics and biological behavior of the coagulation proteins in the Mexican population because the RLs used have been established for populations that are genetically different.
Hematology Department, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, Mexico City, Mexico.