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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 4

of 'Antithrombin deficiency'

Antithrombin significantly influences platelet adhesion onto immobilized fibrinogen in an in-vitro system simulating low flow.
Loncar R, Kalina U, Stoldt V, Thomas V, Scharf RE, Vodovnik A
Thromb J. 2006;4:19. Epub 2006 10 13.
BACKGROUND: Adhesion of platelets onto immobilized fibrinogen is of importance in initiation and development of thrombosis. According to a recent increase in evidence of a multiple biological property of antithrombin, we evaluated the influence of antithrombin on platelet adhesion onto immobilized fibrinogen using an in-vitro flow system.
METHODS: Platelets in anticoagulated whole blood (29 healthy blood donors) were labelled with fluorescence dye and perfused through a rectangular flow chamber (shear rates of 13 s-1 to 1500 s-1). Platelet adhesion onto fibrinogen-coated slips was assessed using a fluorescence laser-scan microscope and compared to the plasma antithrombin activity. Additionally the effect of supraphysiological AT supplementation on platelets adhesion rate was evaluated.
RESULTS: Within a first minute of perfusion, an inverse correlation between platelet adhesion and plasma antithrombin were observed at 13 s-1 and 50 s-1 (r = -0.48 and r = -0.7, p<0.05, respectively). Significant differences in platelet adhesionrelated to low (92 +/- 3.3%) and high (117 +/- 4.1%) antithrombin activity (1786 +/- 516 U vs. 823 +/- 331 U, p<0.05) at low flow rate (13 s-1, within first minute) have been found. An in-vitro supplementation of whole blood with antithrombin increased the antithrombin activity up to 280% and platelet adhesion rate reached about 65% related to the adhesion rate in a non-supplemented blood (1.25 +/- 0.17 vs. 1.95 +/- 0.4 p = 0.008, respectively).
CONCLUSION: It appears that antithrombin in a low flow system suppresses platelet adhesion onto immobilized fibrinogen independently from its antithrombin activity. A supraphysiological substitution of blood with antithrombin significantly reduces platelet adhesion rate. This inhibitory effect might be of clinical relevance.
Department of Hemostasis and Transfusion Medicine, Heinrich Heine University Medical Center Duesseldorf, Germany. Loncar@med.uni-duesseldorf.de