Medline ® Abstract for Reference 31
of 'Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors in acute myocardial infarction: Mechanisms of action'
Stimulation of plasminogen activator inhibitor in vivo by infusion of angiotensin II. Evidence of a potential interaction between the renin-angiotensin system and fibrinolytic function.
Ridker PM, Gaboury CL, Conlin PR, Seely EW, Williams GH, Vaughan DE
BACKGROUND: Recent clinical trial data indicate that the use of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors among patients with left ventricular dysfunction results in reduced rates of coronary thrombosis, a provocative finding that suggests a potential interaction between the renin-angiotensin system and fibrinolytic function.
METHODS AND RESULTS: In four normotensive subjects and six hypertensive patients, we investigated whether infusion of angiotensin II (Ang II) affected circulating levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), the most important physiological inhibitor of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA). Overall, mean levels of PAI-1 antigen increased significantly from 20.1 ng/mL before Ang II infusion to 36.0 ng/mL at the end of Ang II infusion (p = 0.008), whereas no change in PAI-1 was observed for control subjects infused with 5% dextrose (p = 0.46). Among the normotensive subjects for whom graded doses of Ang II were infused at 0, 1, 3, and 10 ng.kg-1.min-1, mean PAI-1 levels increased sequentially from 14.7 ng/mL to 23.0, 26.8, and 33.5 ng/mL, a dose-response relation that, compared with controls, was highly significant (p<0.001). Among the hypertensive patients for whom a single 45-minute infusion of Ang II was given at a dose of 3 ng.kg-1.min-1, PAI-1 levels increased from 23.7 to 37.7 ng/mL, whereas PAI-1 levels among control subjects infused with 5% dextrose decreased from 16.9 to 10.8 ng/mL (p = 0.04). Finally, when compared with infusion of 5% dextrose solution, infusion of Ang II appeared to have little effect on circulating levels of t-PA antigen.
CONCLUSIONS: These in vivo data suggest that infusion of Ang II results in a rapid increase in circulating levels of PAI-1, a finding that may help to explain clinical observations linking the renin-angiotensin system and thrombotic risk.
Divisions of Cardiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115.