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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 19

of 'Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors in acute myocardial infarction: Mechanisms of action'

Protective effects of captopril and enalapril on myocardial ischemia and reperfusion damage of rat.
Li K, Chen X
J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1987;19(9):909.
The protective effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) on myocardial ischemia and reperfusion damage was estimated in rat hearts, both in vivo and in vitro. Enalapril 2.5 mg/kg ip pretreatment at 24 and 5 h before coronary occlusion, significantly blunted the rise of CPK (445 +/- 151 vs 649 +/- 244 mu/ml, P less than 0.05) and improved electrocardiogram (ECG) 8 h after coronary occlusion. In global ischemia and reperfusion ex vivo, enalapril improved contractility (0.9 +/- 0.2 vs 0.3 +/- 0.3 g, P less than 0.05) and coronary flow (15.6 +/- 3.3 vs 11.9 +/- 3.1 ml/min/g, P less than 0.05), shortened significantly the duration of reperfusion arrhythmia (3.1 +/- 2.7 vs 9.7 +/- 8.1 min, P less than 0.05). In Langendorffs heart, captopril remarkably preserved force of contraction (2.1 +/- 0.4 vs 1.4 +/- 0.4 g, P less than 0.01) and coronary flow (2.7 +/- 0.5 vs 3.6 +/- 0.9 ml/min/g, P less than 0.05) in segmental infarction deteriorated by angiotensin I. Captopril 10(-5) M infusion reduced the release of CPK (435 +/- 112 vs 640 +/- 123 mu/min coronary flow, P less than 0.05). This action was almost completely abolished by pretreating and infusing with indomethacin. As a positive control, prostacyclin 5 X 10(-7) M infusion further reduced the release of CPK to 330 +/- 77 mu/min. It is concluded that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor can protect both myocardial ischemia and reperfusion damage in rat hearts. The mechanism of protection was ascribed to reduced production of angiotensin II by ACE inhibition and increased prostacyclin release in the myocardium.
Department of Pharmacology, Hunan Medical College, Changsha, People's Republic of China.