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Anesthesia for tracheal surgery

Vicki E Modest, MD
Section Editors
Peter D Slinger, MD, FRCPC
Carin A Hagberg, MD
Deputy Editor
Nancy A Nussmeier, MD, FAHA


Elective or emergent tracheal surgical procedures are typically performed to improve tracheal patency or repair loss of tracheal integrity. Anesthetic challenges include abnormal airway anatomy and physiology, likely requirements for specialized endotracheal tubes for initial airway management and additional airway devices to meet evolving intraoperative needs, and changes to alternative modes of ventilation (eg, jet ventilation [JV], intermittent apneic oxygenation) if the trachea is open or obstructed.

This topic will discuss anesthetic management of adult patients undergoing surgery in the tracheal region from the distal edge of the larynx to the tracheal bifurcation at the carina. Anesthetic management for laryngeal, esophageal, or bronchoscopic procedures is discussed in separate topics:

(See "Anesthesia for head and neck surgery".)

(See "Anesthesia for esophageal surgery".)

(See "Anesthesia for adult bronchoscopy".)

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Oct 04, 2017.
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