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Anesthesia for adult bronchoscopy

Paul H Alfille, MD
Jeremi Mountjoy, MD
Section Editor
Peter D Slinger, MD, FRCPC
Deputy Editor
Nancy A Nussmeier, MD, FAHA


Bronchoscopy is a common diagnostic and therapeutic procedure performed by thoracic surgeons or interventional pulmonologists to diagnose and/or treat a variety of pulmonary conditions. Flexible bronchoscopy can be used for most diagnostic and therapeutic procedures (figure 1 and figure 2). Rigid bronchoscopy may be necessary for selected procedures (eg, removal of airway foreign bodies, treatment of tracheal stenosis, placement of silicon airway stents) (picture 1 and picture 2).

Anesthetic considerations differ markedly for flexible versus rigid bronchoscopy. This topic reviews anesthetic management of adult patients during flexible or rigid bronchoscopy procedures.

For flexible bronchoscopy, indications, equipment, specific procedures, and complications are discussed in other topics:

(See "Flexible bronchoscopy in adults: Overview".)

(See "Flexible bronchoscopy in adults: Preparation, procedural technique, and complications".)

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Literature review current through: Oct 2017. | This topic last updated: Jan 10, 2017.
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