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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 54

of 'AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma: Staging and treatment'

Prospective randomized trial of two dose levels of interferon alfa with zidovudine for the treatment of Kaposi's sarcoma associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection: a Canadian HIV Clinical Trials Network study.
Shepherd FA, Beaulieu R, Gelmon K, Thuot CA, Sawka C, Read S, Singer J
J Clin Oncol. 1998;16(5):1736.
PURPOSE: Interferon alfa alone has shown antitumor activity against Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), and phase I and II clinical trials showed that interferon and zidovudine could be administered safely to patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated KS. These observations led to our trial of zidovudine with two dose levels of interferon alfa.
METHODS: HIV-positive patients with KS were eligible if they were older than 18 years of age, had a performance status of 0 to 2, and were free of active infection. All patients received zidovudine 500 mg daily and were randomized to receive-interferon alfa 1 million U or 8 million U subcutaneously daily.
RESULTS: The 108 eligible and assessable patients were well balanced for known prognostic factors. Response was reported in 31% of high-dose therapy and 8% of low-dose therapy patients (P=.011). Response at both dose levels was higher for patients with CD4 counts greater than 150 x 10(9)/L. The median time to progression was longer for patients inthe 8-million U arm (18 v 13 weeks; P=.002). Both hematologic and nonhematologic toxicities were higher in the high-dose arm; 50 of 54 patients who received 8 million U required dose alterations in the first 4 months compared with only 19 of 53 patients who received 1 million U (P=.0002). No significant differences were reported with respect to improvement in CD4 count, elimination of p24 antigen, or development of opportunistic infections.
CONCLUSION: Zidovudine and moderate-dose-interferon alfa may be combined safely for the treatment of HIV-associated KS, and both response to treatment and toxicity are dose related.
Department of Medicine of the Toronto Hospital, Canada. fshepherd@torhosp.toronto.on.ca