Acute respiratory distress in children: Emergency evaluation and initial stabilization
- Debra L Weiner, MD, PhD
Debra L Weiner, MD, PhD
- Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
- Harvard Medical School
- Section Editor
- Gary R Fleisher, MD
Gary R Fleisher, MD
- Editor-in-Chief — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
- Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
- Egan Family Foundation Professor
- Harvard Medical School
- Deputy Editor
- James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH
James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH
- Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
- Deputy Editor — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
- Deputy Editor — Primary Care Sports Medicine (Adolescents and Adults)
- Clinical Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine/Traumatology
- University of Connecticut School of Medicine
This topic will review the emergency evaluation and initial stabilization of children with acute respiratory distress.
The initial assessment and stabilization of children with respiratory and circulatory distress, basic airway management, emergency endotracheal intubation, rapid sequence intubation (RSI), causes of respiratory compromise in children, and conditions causing respiratory distress in neonates are discussed separately:
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- Initial rapid assessment
- Physical examination
- - General observation
- - Vital signs
- - Breathing
- - Other organ systems
- Ancillary studies
- - Bedside evaluation
- - Laboratory testing
- - Imaging
- INITIAL STABILIZATION
- Impending respiratory arrest
- Other respiratory distress
- - Trauma
- - No trauma
- DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS