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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 58

of 'Acute and early HIV infection: Treatment'

Structured treatment interruptions in primary HIV-1 infection: the ANRS 100 PRIMSTOP trial.
Hoen B, Fournier I, Lacabaratz C, Burgard M, Charreau I, Chaix ML, Molina JM, Livrozet JM, Venet A, Raffi F, Aboulker JP, Rouzioux C, PRIMSTOP Study Group
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005;40(3):307.
BACKGROUND: Whether structured treatment interruptions (STIs) can induce anti-HIV immune response and control HIV replication following discontinuation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in patients with primary HIV infection is controversial.
METHODS: In this multicenter, prospective trial, patients with early symptomatic primary HIV infection were given HAART continuously for 34 weeks. Afterward, patients with plasma viral load (PVL)<50 copies/mL entered the STI phase, which consisted of 3 consecutive periods of 2, 4, and 8 weeks off HAART, each separated by 12 weeks on HAART. HAART was permanently stopped at week 84 and patients were followed up for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint for definition of virologic success was a PVL<50 copies/mL during the 6 months following HAART discontinuation.
RESULTS: Of the 29 patients enrolled, 26 completed the trial. Six months after HAART discontinuation, only 1 patient (3.8%,95% CI: 0.1% to 19.6%) had PVL<50 copies/mL, whereas 6 of 26 (23.1%, 95% CI: 9.0% to 43.7%) had PVL<1000 copies/mL. Female gender was the only parameter significantly associated with a PVL<1000 copies/mL. No other parameter, either at baseline or before HAART discontinuation, predicted virologic success at week 108. A major protease inhibitor resistance mutation (L90M) developed in 3 patients.
CONCLUSIONS: This trial failed to confirm that a significant proportion of patients with primary HIV infection can maintain suppression of viremia after a sequence of HAART/STIs followed by HAART discontinuation.
Department of Infectious Diseases and EA 3186, University Medical Center of Besançon and Universitéde Franche-Comté, Villejuif, France. bruno.hoen@univ-fcomte.fr