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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 87

of 'Acinetobacter infection: Epidemiology, microbiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, and diagnosis'

Impact of appropriate antimicrobial therapy on mortality associated with Acinetobacter baumannii bacteremia: relation to severity of infection.
Lee YT, Kuo SC, Yang SP, Lin YT, Tseng FC, Chen TL, Fung CP
Clin Infect Dis. 2012;55(2):209.
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of antimicrobial therapy for Acinetobacter baumannii bacteremia has been difficult to establish because of confounding by underlying diseases, severity of infection, and differences in the pathogenicity of Acinetobacter species. This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the effect of appropriate antimicrobial therapy on 14-day mortality after adjustment for multiple risk factors.
METHODS: The population consisted of 252 patients with monomicrobial A. baumannii bacteremia admitted to a large teaching hospital in Taiwan. The isolates were identified to species level using reference molecular methods. Predictors of 14-day mortality were determined by logistic regression analysis. The influence of severity of infection, determined by Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score, on the impact of appropriate use of antimicrobials on 14-day mortality was assessed by including an interaction term.
RESULTS: The overall 14-day mortality rate was 29.8% (75 of 252 patients). The unadjusted mortality rate for appropriate antimicrobial therapy was 13.2% (12 of 91 patients). Appropriate therapy was independently associated with reduced mortality (odds ratio [OR], 0.22; 95% confidence interval [CI], .01-.50; P<.001), and the effect was influenced by APACHE II score (OR for interaction term, 0.90; 95% CI, .82-.98; P= .02). A subgroup analysis revealed that the benefit of appropriate therapy was limited to patients with high APACHE II scores (OR for patients with scores>25 and≤35, 0.16 [95% CI, .07-.37]; OR for those with scores>35, 0.06; 95% CI, .01-.25).
CONCLUSIONS: Appropriate antimicrobial therapy significantly reduced 14-day mortality for A. baumannii bacteremia in severely ill patients.
Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.