Medline ® Abstract for Reference 57
Assessment of pathologic response after preoperative chemoradiotherapy and surgery in pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
Moutardier V, Magnin V, Turrini O, Viret F, Hennekinne-Mucci S, Gonçalves A, Pesenti C, Guiramand J, Lelong B, Giovannini M, Monges G, Houvenaeghel G, Delpero JR
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2004;60(2):437.
PURPOSE: The benefits provided by preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in pancreatic ductular adenocarcinoma (PDA) are still controversial. However, in most reports from referral centers, improvement in local control and survival appears to be provided in selected patients. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the radiation-induced pathologic effects of preoperative CRT in patients with resectable PDA and determine the precise long-term outcome of the responding patients.
METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between November 1996 and October 2003, 61 patients underwent preoperative CRT for resectable PDA. The tumor location was the pancreatic head in 49 patients and pancreatic body in 12 patients. Of the 61 patients, 21 (34.5%) did not undergo surgery because of disease progression and 40 (65.5%) underwent pancreatic resection, including pancreaticoduodenectomy in 32 (80%) and distal pancreatectomy in 8 (20%).
RESULTS: A major pathologic response was noted in 9 patients, including three complete responses, and was found only in patients with tumor of the pancreatic head. The local control rate was similar in patients with and without a major pathologic response. Survival in patients with a major response was significantly greater than in those without a response or with a minor response.
CONCLUSION: Major tumor downstaging can be provided by preoperative CRT in patients with resectable cephalic PDA. Survival appears to be significantly improved in selected patients.
Department of Surgical Oncology, Pancreas Tumor Study Group, Institut Paoli-Calmettes and Universitéde la Méditerranée, Marseille, France. firstname.lastname@example.org