Medline ® Abstract for Reference 30
Salvage Completion Pancreatectomies as Damage Control for Post-pancreatic Surgery Complications: A Single-Center Retrospective Analysis.
Nentwich MF, El Gammal AT, Lemcke T, Ghadban T, Bellon E, Melling N, Bachmann K, Reeh M, Uzunoglu FG, Izbicki JR, Bockhorn M
World J Surg. 2015 Jun;39(6):1550-6.
BACKGROUND: Post-pancreatic surgical morbidity is frequent but often manageable by less invasive means than re-operation. Yet, some complications can become hazardous and life threatening. Herein, the results of a completion pancreatectomy (CP) to cope with severe post-operative pancreatic fistulas (POPF) and bleeding complications after major pancreatic resections for suspected pancreatic malignancy are presented.
METHODS: CPs to treat severe post-pancreatic index-surgery complications between January 2002 and January 2012 were selected out of a prospective database. Indications for CP as well as perioperative data were prospectively collected and retrospectively assessed.
RESULTS: In 20 of 521 Kausch-Whipple Resections (3.8%), a CP was necessary to treat post-index surgery morbidity. Indications included insufficiency of the pancreaticojejunal anastomosis with resulting POPF in 14 (70.0%) patients, severe bleeding complications in 6 (30.0%) patients, and a severe portal vein thrombosis in 1 (5.0%) patient. In 7 (35.0%) of the 20 patients, the course was complicated by remnant pancreatitis. Eleven (55.0%) of the 20 patients died during the hospital stay. Median time to re-operation did not significantly differ between survivors and in-hospital deaths (10.0 vs. 8.0 days; p = 0.732). Median hospital stay of the surviving patients was 31.0 (range 10-113) days. Re-operations following CPs were necessary in 5 (55.6%) of the 9 patients who survived and in 9 (81.8%) out of 11 patients who died.
CONCLUSIONS: Post-pancreatic resection complications can become hazardous and result in severely ill patients requiring maximum therapy. CP in these cases has a high mortality but serves as an ultima ratio to cope with deleterious complications.
Department of General, Visceral and Thoracic Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.