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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 4

of '治疗性内镜超声'

Drainage of deep pelvic abscesses using therapeutic echo endoscopy.
Giovannini M, Bories E, Moutardier V, Pesenti C, Guillemin A, Lelong B, Delpéro JR
Endoscopy. 2003;35(6):511.
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of endosonographically guided transrectal aspiration and drainage by plastic stent of deep pelvic abscesses, using a therapeutic echo endoscope device.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between September 2000 and June 2001, 12 patients (nine men, three women, mean age 67 years) were treated for a perirectal or a pelvic abscess using an endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) technique. The drainage of these fluid collections was performed under EUS guidance, using therapeutic EUS scopes with a large working channel.
RESULTS: No major complication occurred during this study. Transrectal stent insertion succeeded in nine patients. In three patients, only aspiration was possible. Among the nine patients in whom a stent was successfully introduced into the fluid collection, complete drainage without relapse was achieved in eight patients (mean follow-up 10.6 months, range 6-14 months). The stent was removed endoscopically after 3 to 6 months. Drainage was incomplete in one patient (with alarge abscess, diameter>8 cm), who subsequently underwent surgical drainage. However, two out of the three patients in whom aspiration alone was performed developed a recurrence of the abscess and required surgical treatment.
CONCLUSION: EUS-guided drainage of deep pelvic abscesses could offer an alternative treatment to surgery in the management of these postoperative complications.
Oncology Unit 1 and Endoscopic Department, Paoli-Calmettes Institute, 232 Boulevard Sainte-Marguerite BP 156, 13273 Marseille Cedex 9, France. hdchir@marseille.fnclcc.fr