Medline ® Abstract for Reference 66
High plasma levels of soluble P-selectin are predictive of venous thromboembolism in cancer patients: results from the Vienna Cancer and Thrombosis Study (CATS).
Ay C, Simanek R, Vormittag R, Dunkler D, Alguel G, Koder S, Kornek G, Marosi C, Wagner O, Zielinski C, Pabinger I
Cancer patients are at high risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE). Laboratory parameters with a predictive value for VTE could help stratify patients into high- or low-risk groups. The cell adhesion molecule P-selectin was recently identified as risk factor for VTE. To investigate soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin) in cancer patients as risk predictor for VTE, we performed a prospective cohort study of 687 cancer patients and followed them for a median (IQR) of 415 (221-722) days. Main tumor entities were malignancies of the breast (n = 125), lung (n = 86), gastrointestinal tract (n = 130), pancreas (n = 42), kidney (n = 19), prostate (n = 72), and brain (n = 80); 91 had hematologic malignancies; 42 had other tumors. VTE occurred in 44 (6.4%) patients. In multivariable analysis, elevated sP-selectin (cutoff level, 53.1 ng/mL, 75th percentile of study population) was a statistically significant risk factor for VTE after adjustment for age, sex, surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy (hazard ratio = 2.6, 95% confidence interval, 1.4-4.9, P = .003). The cumulative probability of VTE after 6 months was 11.9% in patients with sP-selectin above and 3.7% in those below the 75th percentile (P = .002). High sP-selectin plasma levels independently predictVTE in cancer patients. Measurement of sP-selectin at diagnosis of cancer could help identify patients at increased risk for VTE.
Clinical Division of Haematology and Haemostaseology, Department of Medicine I, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.