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Medline ® Abstracts for References 8,27,28

of '儿童夜间遗尿症:治疗'

8
TI
Nocturnal enuresis.
AU
Schmitt BD
SO
Pediatr Rev. 1997;18(6):183.
 
The answer to nocturnal enuresis is nocturnal self-awakening. Enuresis alarms teach this skill and, therefore, have the highest cure rate and the lowest relapse rate of any intervention. An alarm costs the same as a 2-week supply of desmopressin. Alarms can be used anytime from age 5 onward if the child elects to use one. If an alarm alone is not successful, combining it with medication increases the cure rate. The ability to teach a family how to use an enuresis alarm is an important part of pediatric office practice.
AD
University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, USA.
PMID
27
TI
Nickel allergy from a bed-wetting alarm confused with herpes genitalis and child abuse.
AU
Hanks JW, Venters WJ
SO
Pediatrics. 1992;90(3):458.
 
AD
Dept of Pediatrics, Fitzsimons Army Medical Center, Aurora, CO.
PMID
28
TI
Response of bedwetting to the enuresis alarm. Influence of psychiatric disturbance and maximum functional bladder capacity.
AU
Berg I, Forsythe I, McGuire R
SO
Arch Dis Child. 1982;57(5):394.
 
Fifty-four children with nocturnal enuresis were managed with the pad and bell system. Their maximum functional bladder capacity was estimated before they began treatment, and a Rutter A questionnaire was completed by the mothers. If an average of less than one wet night a week is taken as a criterion of success, then 63% of them responded in the last month of treatment; neither the Rutter score nor the maximum functional bladder capacity predicted outcome. However 26% failed to persist with treatment to the end of the project and were considered to have dropped out. If they are excluded, the initial response rate is 73%. In these cases a Rutter total score of at least 18 was found to be associated with failure to respond, but the maximum bladder capacity was not related to outcome.
AD
PMID