Medline ® Abstract for Reference 9
The Use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Screening for Optic Pathway Gliomas in Children with Neurofibromatosis Type 1.
Prada CE, Hufnagel RB, Hummel TR, Lovell AM, Hopkin RJ, Saal HM, Schorry EK
J Pediatr. 2015;167(4):851.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of screening brain/orbital magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a large population of children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) over a 20-year period.
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of clinical and imaging data from children with NF1 seen at a single center between 1990 and 2010 was performed.
RESULTS: During the 20-year study period, 826 individuals with NF1 (402 females, 424 males) ages 1-9 years were screened for optic pathway gliomas (OPGs) using brain/orbital MRI; 18% were identified with OPGs with a median age at detection of 3 years. Fifteen percent of patients with OPGs had radiologic or clinical progression requiring therapy. Children with chiasmatic and postchiasmatic tumors were more likely to require therapy compared with patients with prechiasmatic OPGs (P < .0001). Patients with visual deficits at the time of diagnosis were more likely to experience visual decline despite therapy when compared with patients treated based on radiologic progression (P < .012).
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings confirm that chiasmatic and postchiasmatic OPG in children with NF1 have the highest risk for progression and vision loss. Early identification of OPG by screening MRI prior to the development of vision loss may lead to improved visual outcomes. Children with negative brain and orbital MRI screening at age 15 months or later did not develop symptomatic OPGs.
Division of Human Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH; University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH; Center for Genomic Medicine and Metabolism, Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia, Floridablanca, Colombia. Electronic address: email@example.com.