Medline ® Abstract for Reference 52
Descriptive analysis of tibial pseudarthrosis in patients with neurofibromatosis 1.
Stevenson DA, Birch PH, Friedman JM, Viskochil DH, Balestrazzi P, Boni S, Buske A, Korf BR, Niimura M, Pivnick EK, Schorry EK, Short MP, Tenconi R, Tonsgard JH, Carey JC
Am J Med Genet. 1999;84(5):413.
Five percent of individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) present with congenital long bone pseudarthrosis (PA). In large series, 50-80% of patients with congenital long bone PA also have NF1. Very little information exists on the natural history and pathogenesis of PA in NF1. This report is a descriptive analysis of a large series of patients with NF1 and tibial bowing or PA. Study A is a case-control study using the National Neurofibromatosis Foundation International Database (NNFFID). Eighty-five patients with PA were compared to a control group from the same database. There was a statistically significant male predominance of NF1 cases with PA (54 males to 31 females), compared to controls (85 males to 87 females) (chi2 = 4.0, P = 0.046, using a two-tailed test with Yates' correction). There was no significant difference in the clinical presentation of NF1 manifestations in NF1 patients with PA than in NF1 patients without PA. Of the affected individuals with PA, there were 24 de novo cases and 21 familial cases (9 through maternal and 12 through paternal inheritance). Questions that could not be answered by Study A were addressed by a partially overlapping case-series report, Study B, in which data on 75 cases ascertained through questionnaires completed by NF center directors were collected. From Study B we determined that half of the patients who had a fracture sustained it before age 2, and approximately 16% of the pseudarthrosis patients had an amputation. Our data indicate a male predominance and no parent-of-origin effect. Male gender may be a susceptibility factor for pseudarthrosis in NF1.
Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, 84112, USA.