Medline ® Abstract for Reference 19
Acute transformation of chronic large granular lymphocyte leukemia associated with additional chromosome abnormality.
Ohno Y, Amakawa R, Fukuhara S, Huang CR, Kamesaki H, Amano H, Imanaka T, Takahashi Y, Arita Y, Uchiyama T
A patient with large granular lymphocyte (LGL) leukemia that transformed into an acute or aggressive form after 20 months of the chronic phase is reported. The patient's leukemic cells were mature, medium-sized lymphocytes with sparse azurophil granules and the surface phenotypes of the cells were CD2+, CD3-, CD11+, and CD16+. Molecular analysis showed a germ line configuration in both T-cell receptor beta-chain genes and T-cell receptor tau-chain genes. A clonal anomaly of chromosome (trisomy 8) was demonstrated in peripheral blood cells. LGL after acute transformation of the disease displayed large blastic morphology with prominent nucleoli, intense basophilic cytoplasm, and numerous granules. Karyotypic analysis demonstrated a mosaic of trisomy 8 and trisomy 8 with an additional marker chromosome. Thus, transformation of chronic LGL leukemia into an acute or aggressive form in this patient was associated with morphologic and karyotypic changes of the leukemic cells. Patients with a stable form of chronic LGL leukemia should be examined carefully for the possible acute crisis associated with a clonal evolution.
Department of Hematology, Tenri Hospital, Japan.