Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Medline ® Abstract for Reference 138

of '结直肠癌的分子遗传学'

Role of inherited defects of MYH in the development of sporadic colorectal cancer.
Kambara T, Whitehall VL, Spring KJ, Barker MA, Arnold S, Wynter CV, Matsubara N, Tanaka N, Young JP, Leggett BA, Jass JR
Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2004;40(1):1.
Biallelic germ-line variants of the 8-hydroxyguanine repair gene MYH have been associated with multiple colorectal adenomas that display somatic G:C-->T:A transversions in APC. However, the effect of single germ-line variants has not been widely studied. To examine the relationship between monoallelic MYH variants and susceptibility to sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC), 92 cases of sporadic CRC, 19 cases of familial CRC not meeting the Bethesda guidelines, 17 cases with multiple adenomas, and 53 normal blood donors were screened for 8 potentially pathogenic germ-line MYH variants. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at 1p adjacent to the MYH locus, microsatellite instability (MSI) status, and somatic mutations in KRAS2 and APC were analyzed in sporadic cancers. Neither homozygote nor compound heterozygote MYH variants were observed in the germ-line of any subjects with sporadic CRC. There was no difference in the incidence of monoallelic variants between this group (20 of 92, 22%) and cancer-free controls (14 of 53, 26%). However, the presence of monoallelic germ-line MYH variants was negatively associated with an MSI-high (MSI-H) tumor phenotype, with an incidence of only 1 of 23 (4%) MSI-H CRCs as contrasted with 19 of 69 (28%) non-MSI-H (P=0.02). Further, 4 of 5 tumorswith 1p LOH contained monoallelic MYH variants compared with 15 of 53 without 1p LOH (P=0.04) and the normal population (P=0.03). The presence of G:C-->T:A transversions in KRAS2 or APC was significantly more common in single MYH variant tumors (9 of 12) than in MYH wild-type tumors (11 of 33; P=0.02). These results suggest that single germ-line variants of MYH may influence genetic pathways in CRC.
Conjoint Gastroenterology Laboratory, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital Research Foundation and Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia.