Medline ® Abstracts for References 51,52
Niraparib Maintenance Therapy in Platinum-Sensitive, Recurrent Ovarian Cancer.
Mirza MR, Monk BJ, Herrstedt J, Oza AM, Mahner S, Redondo A, Fabbro M, Ledermann JA, Lorusso D, Vergote I, Ben-Baruch NE, Marth C, Mądry R, Christensen RD, Berek JS, Dørum A, Tinker AV, du Bois A, González-Martín A, Follana P, Benigno B, Rosenberg P, Gilbert L, Rimel BJ, Buscema J, Balser JP, Agarwal S, Matulonis UA, ENGOT-OV16/NOVA Investigators
N Engl J Med. 2016;375(22):2154. Epub 2016 Oct 7.
BACKGROUND: Niraparib is an oral poly(adenosine diphosphate [ADP]-ribose) polymerase (PARP) 1/2 inhibitor that has shown clinical activity in patients with ovarian cancer. We sought to evaluate the efficacy of niraparib versus placebo as maintenance treatment for patients with platinum-sensitive, recurrent ovarian cancer.
METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, phase 3 trial, patients were categorized according to the presence or absence of a germline BRCA mutation (gBRCA cohort and non-gBRCA cohort) and the type of non-gBRCA mutation and were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive niraparib (300 mg) or placebo once daily. The primary end point was progression-free survival.
RESULTS: Of 553 enrolled patients, 203 were in the gBRCA cohort (with 138 assigned to niraparib and 65 to placebo), and 350 patients were in the non-gBRCA cohort (with 234 assigned to niraparib and 116 to placebo). Patients in the niraparib group had a significantly longer median duration of progression-free survival than did those in the placebo group, including 21.0 vs. 5.5 months in the gBRCA cohort (hazard ratio, 0.27; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.17 to 0.41), as compared with 12.9 months vs. 3.8 months in the non-gBRCA cohort for patients who had tumors with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) (hazard ratio, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.24 to 0.59) and 9.3 months vs. 3.9 months in the overall non-gBRCA cohort (hazard ratio, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.34 to 0.61; P<0.001 for all three comparisons). The most common grade 3 or 4 adverse events that were reported in the niraparib group were thrombocytopenia (in 33.8%), anemia (in 25.3%), and neutropenia (in 19.6%), which were managed with dose modifications.
CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with platinum-sensitive, recurrent ovarian cancer, the median duration of progression-free survival was significantly longer amongthose receiving niraparib than among those receiving placebo, regardless of the presence or absence of gBRCA mutations or HRD status, with moderate bone marrow toxicity. (Funded by Tesaro; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01847274 .).
From the Nordic Society of Gynecological Oncology and Rigshospitalet-Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen (M.R.M.), Odense University Hospital (J.H.) and European Network for Gynacological Oncological Trial and Research Unit of General Practice, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense (R.D.C.) - all in Denmark; University of Arizona and Creighton University-Phoenix, Phoenix (B.J.M.), and Arizona Oncology Associates, Tuscon (B.J.M., J.B.) - all in Arizona; Princess Margaret Consortium, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto (A.M.O.), British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver (A.V.T.), and McGill University-McGill University Health Centre, Montreal (L.G.) - all in Canada; Arbeitsgemeinschaft Gynäkologische Onkologie (AGO) and the University of Munich, Munich (S.M.), and Kliniken Essen Mitte, Essen (A.B.) - both in Germany; Grupo Español de Investigación en Cáncer de Ovario (GEICO) and Hospital Universita
Duration of response to second-line, platinum-based chemotherapy for ovarian cancer: implications for patient management and clinical trial design.
Markman M, Markman J, Webster K, Zanotti K, Kulp B, Peterson G, Belinson J
J Clin Oncol. 2004;22(15):3120.
PURPOSE: Limited information is available regarding the influence of the duration of a prior response on the length of a subsequent response to platinum chemotherapy in recurrent ovarian cancer.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of women with ovarian cancer treated at the Cleveland Clinic from 1993 through April 2003 who received two or more platinum-based regimens for recurrence of the malignancy. Patients were considered to have responded to second-line therapy if they satisfied specific criteria, including favorable effects on both measurable or assessable disease.
RESULTS: A total of 211 platinum-based regimens were administered to 176 women with recurrent ovarian cancer during this time period, with a response being observed in 125 treatment episodes (59%). Only four (3%) of 121 currently assessable secondary responses were of longer duration than the prior response in a specific individual. In three of these four cases, the platinum-based regimen used in the second-line approach included a drug that had not been used in that patient's primary chemotherapy program.
CONCLUSION: The length of a prior response to platinum-based therapy in ovarian cancer is highly predictive of the upper limit of the duration of response to a subsequent platinum program, assuming the same or similar drugs are used. Knowledge of this clinical parameter may assist in developing optimal management for an individual patient and may potentially be exploited in clinical trial designs examining novel maintenance strategies with both cytotoxic and cytostatic agents in women who achieve a secondary response to a platinum-based regimen.
From the Department of Hematology/Medical Oncology, Taussig Cancer Center, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org