Medline ® Abstract for Reference 22
Differences in toxicity between men and women treated with 5-fluorouracil therapy for colorectal carcinoma.
Chansky K, Benedetti J, Macdonald JS
BACKGROUND: Recent explorations suggest that women may experience more severe 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-related toxicity than men. The patient populations from 4 Southwest Oncology Group colorectal carcinoma trials with 5-FU-containing regimens were examined for toxicity differences between the genders.
METHODS: The current study included 1074 patients from 4 trials. Hypotheses regarding differences in specific toxicities were generated via exploratory analyses on the data from the 2 earlier trials (n = 505 patients), using basic univariate techniques and classification tree methods. Validation of these hypotheses was performed on data from the 2 later trials (n = 569 patients) using logistic regression models for dichotomous toxicity outcomes and rank-sum tests for comparisons of overall toxicity grade.
RESULTS: 5-FU toxicity was more extensive in women than in men in terms of average maximum toxicity grade (P = 0.005), number of different types of toxicity experienced (P = 0.009), and incidence of severe toxicities (P = 0.02). The incidence of>or = Grade 2 hematologic toxicity in the 2 later trials was higher in women than in men and women experienced morefrequent moderate to severe mucositis compared with men.
CONCLUSIONS: Differences in 5-FU toxicity profiles between men and women were hypothesized after an exploratory analysis, and then verified by an independent confirmatory analysis using data from the 2 later trials. This process provided substantial evidence for gender differences in specific aspects of 5-FU toxicity that persist across a range of treatment regimens, patient characteristics, and cancer trial settings.
Southwest Oncology Group Statistical Center, Seattle, Washington, USA.