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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 160

of '化疗药物的肠道毒性'

160
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Modulation of irinotecan-induced diarrhea by cotreatment with neomycin in cancer patients.
AU
Kehrer DF, Sparreboom A, Verweij J, de Bruijn P, Nierop CA, van de Schraaf J, Ruijgrok EJ, de Jonge MJ
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Clin Cancer Res. 2001;7(5):1136.
 
This study was designed to evaluate irinotecan (CPT-11) disposition and pharmacodynamics in the presence and absence of the broad-spectrum antibiotic neomycin. Seven evaluable cancer patients experiencing diarrhea graded>or =2 after receiving CPT-11 alone (350 mg/m(2) i.v. once every 3 weeks) received the same dose combined with oral neomycin at 1000 mg three times per day (days -2 to 5) in the second course. Neomycin had no effect on the systemic exposure of CPT-11 and its major metabolites (P>or = 0.22). However, it changed fecal beta-glucuronidase activity from 7.03 +/- 1.76 microg/h/mg (phenolphthalein assay) to undetectable levels and decreased fecal concentrations of the pharmacologically active metabolite SN-38. Although neomycin had no significant effect on hematological toxicity (P>0.05), diarrhea ameliorated in six of seven patients (P = 0.033). Our findings indicate that bacterial beta-glucuronidase plays a crucial role in CPT-11-induced diarrhea without affecting enterocycling and systemic SN-38 levels.
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Department of Medical Oncology, Rotterdam Cancer Institute, Daniel den Hoed Kliniek and University Hospital Rotterdam, 3075 EA Rotterdam, the Netherlands. kehrer@vvdh.azr.nl
PMID