Medline ® Abstract for Reference 150
Subcutaneous octreotide versus oral loperamide in the treatment of diarrhea following chemotherapy.
Gebbia V, Carreca I, Testa A, Valenza R, Curto G, Cannata G, Borsellino N, Latteri MA, Cipolla C, Florena M
Anticancer Drugs. 1993;4(4):443.
Forty patients with chemotherapy-related diarrhea were randomized to receive (i) octreotide 0.5 mg three times per day s.c. or (ii) loperamide 4 mg three times per day p.o. until complete remission of diarrhea was achieved. In the octreotide group 80% of patients showed complete resolution of loose bowel movements within 4 days of therapy, while in the loperamide group this goal was obtained in only 30% of cases (p<0.001). If after 4 days no benefit was seen, patients were considered to have failed antidiarrheal therapy. Failure was recorded in only one case (5%) treated with s.c. octreotide and in five patients (25%) who received loperamide. The mean duration of antidiarrheal therapy necessary to achieve remission was 3.4 days in the octreotide group and 6.1 days in the loperamide group (p<0.001). Treatment with octreotide was very well tolerated with mild abdominal pain in 15% of cases and pain in the injection site in 15% of patients. Subcutaneous octreotide is highly effective in the management of chemotherapy-related diarrhea in cancer patients.
University of Palermo, Chair and Service of Chemotherapy, Italy.