Medline ® Abstract for Reference 1
Self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) for preoperative biliary decompression in patients with resectable and borderline-resectable pancreatic cancer: outcomes in 241 patients.
Siddiqui AA, Mehendiratta V, Loren D, Kowalski T, Fang J, Hilden K, Adler DG
Dig Dis Sci. 2013;58(6):1744.
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Obstructive jaundice caused by distal biliary obstruction can present in up to 70 % of patients with localized cancer of the head of the pancreas. The aim of this study was to report our experience in using self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) for preoperative biliary decompression in patients with resectable and borderline resectable carcinoma of the pancreatic head.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective study evaluating patients from two tertiary referral centers. Two-hundred and forty-one patients with resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic carcinoma underwent ERCP with metal biliary stent placement between September 2006 and August 2011. We assessed the effectiveness of SEMS to adequately decompress the biliary tree, procedural success, patient survival, stent patency, and stent-related complications.
RESULTS: Two-hundred and forty-one patients were evaluated [123 male, mean age (±SD) 67.4±9.8 years; resectable 174, borderline resectable 67].Patients with borderline-resectable cancer underwent neoadjuvant therapy and restaging before possible curative surgery. Successful placement of a metal biliary stent was achieved in all patients and improved jaundice. Patients were followed for mean duration of 6.3 months. The overall survival was 49 % at 27 months. Fourteen (5.8 %) patients experienced stent occlusion; the mean time to stent occlusion was 6.6 (range 1-20) months. Immediate complications included: post-ERCP pancreatitis (n = 14), stent migration (n = 3), and duodenal perforation (n = 3). Long-term complications included stent migration (n = 9) and hepatic abscess (n = 1). A total of 144/174 patients deemed to have resectable cancer at time of diagnosis underwent curative surgery. Due to disease progression or the discovery of metastasis after neoadjuvant therapy, only 22/67 patients with borderline-resectable cancer underwent curative surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: SEMS should be considered for patients with obstructive jaundice and resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer, especially if surgery is not planned immediately as a result of preoperative chemoradiation. These stents appear to be safe and effective.
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA.