Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Medline ® Abstract for Reference 3

of '肝脏囊性病变的诊断和处理'

Spontaneous rupture of a giant non parasitic hepatic cyst presenting as an acute surgical abdomen.
Salemis NS, Georgoulis E, Gourgiotis S, Tsohataridis E
Ann Hepatol. 2007;6(3):190.
Spontaneous rupture of a non parasitic hepatic cyst is an extremely rare occurrence. A 50 -year- old male, was admitted with typical clinical manifestations of acute surgical abdomen. At exploratory laparotomy, a giant ruptured non parasitic cyst occupying the entire left liver lobe was found, along with a large amount of free intraperitoneal fluid. The cyst was widely unroofed very close to the liver parenchyma. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and was discharged six days later. The clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation and surgical management of this extremely rare clinical entity are discussed, along with a review of the literature. This case, which according to our best knowledge is the fourth reported in the literature, highlights the considerable risk of serious complications associated with the presence of a large symptomatic nonparasitic hepatic cyst. Prophylactic treatment should be considered in all these cases.
Army Veterans General Hospital NIMTS, 2nd Department of Surgery, Athens, Greece. nikos_salemis@hotmail.com