Medline ® Abstract for Reference 105
Predicting outcome by growth rate of locally recurrent retroperitoneal liposarcoma: the one centimeter per month rule.
Park JO, Qin LX, Prete FP, Antonescu C, Brennan MF, Singer S
Ann Surg. 2009;250(6):977.
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prognostic variables that predict disease-specific survival and second local recurrence-free survival in patients with recurrent retroperitoneal liposarcoma so as to guide clinical management.
SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Local recurrence after complete resection of primary retroperitoneal liposarcoma is a common clinical problem that frequently leads to morbidity and mortality. Factors that determine survival in patients with a local recurrence after complete resection of the primary and rerecurrence after resection of the first local recurrence have not been clearly defined.
METHODS: From a prospective sarcoma database we selected 105 patients who had at least one local recurrence following complete resection of a primary retroperitoneal liposarcoma between July 1982 and December 2005. Of these patients, 61 underwent complete resection of their first local recurrence. Study endpoints included second local recurrence-free survival for these 61 patients and disease-specific survival for all 105 patients. Univariate analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test, and multivariate analysis with the Cox proportional hazards model and score test. Local recurrence growth rate was defined as the radiographic size of the local recurrence divided by the time to local recurrence from the primary resection.
RESULTS: Median follow-up was 65 months. Local recurrence size, primary histologic variant and grade, and local recurrence growth rate were independent predictors of disease-specific survival. For those undergoing reresection, local recurrence size and local recurrence growth rate independently influenced development of a second local recurrence. Only patients with local recurrence growth rates of less than 0.9 cm/mo were associated with improved survival after aggressive resection of the local recurrence.
CONCLUSIONS: Local recurrence growth rate is strongly associated with disease-specific survival and local control for patients with completely resected locally recurrent retroperitoneal liposarcoma. Despite aggressive operative management patients with a local recurrence growth rate greater than 0.9 cm/mo were associated with poor outcomes and should be considered for enrollment in clinical trials employing novel agents.
Soft Tissue Sarcoma Program, Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.