Medline ® Abstracts for References 87,88,90
Protection from chemotherapy-induced alopecia by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.
Jimenez JJ, Yunis AA
Cancer Res. 1992;52(18):5123.
We have previously reported that several biological agents, when given simultaneously with cytosine arabinoside or cytoxan, will protect from cytosine arabinoside-induced but not from cytoxan-induced alopecia. In the present study we used the secosteroid 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in a different timing schedule to protect from chemotherapy-induced alopecia. In three separate experiments, 0.2 microgram of topical, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 protected rats from alopecia induced by etoposide, cytoxan, and an Adriamycin-cytoxan combination. In another experiment, 0.1 microgram protected rats from etoposide-induced alopecia at the site of application. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 may offer a new and exciting approach to the prevention of chemotherapy-induced alopecia.
Department of Medicine, University of Miami School of Medicine, Florida.
Pretreatment with 1,25(OH)2D3 protects from Cytoxan-induced alopecia without protecting the leukemic cells from Cytoxan.
Jimenez JJ, Alvarez E, Bustamante CD, Yunis AA
Am J Med Sci. 1995;310(2):43.
The authors previously demonstrated that pretreatment with 1,25(OH)2D3 protects from Cytoxan-induced alopecia in the rat model. The current study was designed to investigate whether 1,25(OH)2D3 protects the transplantable rat chloroleukemia (C51) cells from the cytotoxic effects of Cytoxan. In vitro, 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide had a dose-dependent cytotoxic effect on C51 cells. In separate experiments, preincubation with 1,25(OH)2D3 did not protect the C51 cells from the cytotoxic effects of 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide. In vivo, 4 groups of 10 5-day-old rats were treated as follows: Groups 1 and 2 received 0.2 micrograms of 1,25(OH)2D3 topically in ethanol daily starting on day 5 through day 10. Groups 3 and 4 received ethanol topically similarly. On day 7, all rats received 1 x 10(5) C51 cells intraperitoneally. On day 11, groups 1 and 3 received 35 mg/kg Cytoxan intraperitoneally. All rats in groups 2 and 4 were dead of leukemia by day 34. In groups 1 and 3, only 1 of 10 and 2 of 10 rats died of leukemia, respectively. Alopecia developed in all rats in group 3. In contrast, all rats in group 1 were protected from Cytoxan-induced alopecia. These results indicate that, in vivo, pretreatment with 1,25(OH)2D3 does not protect the rat chloroleukemia cells from the cytotoxic effect of Cytoxan, while protecting from Cytoxan-induced alopecia.
Department of Medicine, University of Miami School of Medicine, Florida 33101, USA.
The role of the vitamin D endocrine system in health and disease.
Reichel H, Koeffler HP, Norman AW
N Engl J Med. 1989;320(15):980.
Division of Biomedical Sciences, University of California, Riverside 92521.