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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 199

of '肝病患者的化疗肝毒性和剂量调整'

Combination therapy with oxaliplatin and 5-fluorouracil in a patient with severe hepatic dysfunction associated with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the large bowel.
Grenader T, Goldberg A, Gabizon A
Anticancer Drugs. 2009;20(9):845.
Oxaliplatin has been shown to be valuable in the treatment of patients with colorectal cancer. Many of these patients will develop liver metastases during the course of their disease, with, in some cases, severe hepatic dysfunction. Although single agent oxaliplatin can be administered safely in patients with severely compromised liver function (as it is not metabolized by the liver), little is known of its safety in these patients when administered in the preferred combination with 5-fluorouracil (which is metabolized by the liver) and leucovorin (FOLFOX protocol). We report on a very sick patient with major liver dysfunction, a bilirubin of 11.2 mg/dl (190 micromol/dl) and an open abdominal wound, for whom palliative hospice care alone was originally proposed, who responded dramatically to the combination. His bilirubin fell to 0.6 mg/dl (10.2 micromol/dl) and his liver function tests returned to near normal levels. The combination was well tolerated and clinical improvement continued for more than 11 months before disease progression was observed.
Department of Oncology, Sha'are Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel. talgrenader65@hotmail.com