Medline ® Abstract for Reference 63
Randomized trial of 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin and cisplatin in advanced pancreatic cancer.
Huguier M, Barrier A, Valinas R, Flahault A, Adloff M, Pezet D, Jaeck D, Millat B, French University Association for Surgical Research
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Phase II trials of combined 5 fluorouracil, leucovorin and cisplatin have demonstrated an 18-28% response rate in advanced pancreatic carcinomas. We investigated the effect of this chemotherapy regime on patients' survival.
METHODOLOGY: Patients included gave informed consent. They had an advanced and proven pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The trial was multicentric, prospective and randomized. It compared a 5-day course of leucovorin (200 mg/m2/day), 5-fluorouracil (375 mg/m2/day) and cisplatin (15 mg/m2/day) repeated every 21 days (23 patients) with a control group (22 patients). The main end points were survival time (Kaplan-Meier and log-rank methods) a[not readable: see text]side effects of chemotherapy.
RESULTS: Association of leucovorin, 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin failed to demonstrate any advantage of this regimen compared with supported care alone. Median survival times were 8.6 months (SD +/- 1.8) and 7.0 months (SD +/- 0.6), respectively. The modulation of 5-fluorouracil by leucovorin and cisplatin was well tolerated with moderate toxic effects.
CONCLUSIONS: This multicentric trial failed to demonstrate any advantage of the evaluated chemotherapy regime in the palliative treatment of cancer of the exocrine pancreas. Other trials including gemcitabine and/or radiotherapy are needed in advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
Department of Surgery, Hôpital Tenon, 4 rue de la Chine 75020, Paris, France. firstname.lastname@example.org