Medline ® Abstract for Reference 48
Phase II trial of topotecan as a 21-day continuous infusion in patients with advanced or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas.
Stevenson JP, Scher RM, Kosierowski R, Fox SC, Simmonds M, Yao KS, Green F, Broom C, Fields SZ, Krebs JB, O'Dwyer PJ
Eur J Cancer. 1998;34(9):1358.
The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and toxicity of topotecan administered as a 21-day continuous intravenous infusion in patients with advanced or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. 26 previously untreated patients with advanced or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma received topotecan at a dose of 0.5 mg/m2/day or 0.6 mg/m2/day as a continuous intravenous infusion for 21 days. Courses were repeated every 28 days. 26 patients were assessable for response and toxicity on an intent-to-treat basis. The initial 8 patients at a starting dose of 0.6 mg/m2/day experienced unacceptable myelosuppression and dose delays. The subsequent 18 patients, therefore began therapy at a dose of 0.5 mg/m2/day. The major toxicity of topotecan at this dose and schedule was myelosuppression, which was reversible and non-cumulative. There were no complete responses and two partial responses for a total response rate of 8% (95% confidence interval, 1-25%). Response durations were 17 and 45 weeks. Stable disease was seen in 3 patients. The median time to progression for all patients was 8 weeks and the median survival was 20 weeks. Topotecan given as a 21-day continuous intravenous infusion has a similar response rate and median survival to our previously reported study of the 5-day short infusion regimen in pancreatic carcinoma.
Thomas Jefferson University, Kimmel Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.