Medline ® Abstract for Reference 189
Cooperative and redundant effects of STAT5 and Ras signaling in BCR/ABL transformed hematopoietic cells.
Hoover RR, Gerlach MJ, Koh EY, Daley GQ
The Akt, Ras and STAT5 signaling pathways have each been linked to transformation of hematopoietic cells by BCR/ABL. However the relative contributions of these signaling pathways to BCR/ABL mediated cytokine-independent survival, proliferation and resistance to DNA damage-induced apoptosis have not been systematically defined. Here we report that activation of either Akt, Ras or STAT5 confers cytokine-independent survival to IL-3 dependent BaF3 cells. Ras or STAT5, but not Akt, also drives cytokine-independent proliferation and imparts sustained resistance to DNA damage-induced apoptosis. We also show that dominant negative (DN) inhibition of STAT5, but not Ras or Akt, significantly reduces resistance to DNA damage-induced apoptosis in BCR/ABL transformed BaF3 cells. Whereas inhibition of STAT5 or Ras alone does not compromise cytokine-independent proliferation of BaF3-BCR/ABL cells, simultaneous blockade of both STAT5 and Ras reduces proliferation and maximally sensitizes BaF3-BCR/ABL cells to DNA damage induced by gamma-irradiation, suggesting a cooperative role for these two signaling pathways in BCR/ABL transformation. The anti-apoptotic properties of BCR/ABL can be partly explained by an increase in the expression of Pim-1 and Bcl-XL, as ectopic expression of these STAT5 target genes imparts both cytokine-independent survival and partial gamma-radiation resistance. These data illustrate both cooperative and redundant effects of STAT5 and Ras signaling in BCR/ABL transformed cells, with STAT5 playing a dominant role in resistance to DNA damage-induced apoptosis.
Whitehead Institute, 9 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.