Medline ® Abstract for Reference 186
Clonal development and karyotype evolution during leukemogenesis of BCR/ABL transgenic mice.
Voncken JW, Morris C, Pattengale P, Dennert G, Kikly C, Groffen J, Heisterkamp N
The Philadelphia (Ph) translocation is responsible for the generation of the chimeric BCR/ABL oncogene. The Ph chromosome constitutes the earliest detectable chromosome abnormality in chronic myelogenous leukemia and is also found in acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Mice transgenic for a P190 BCR/ABL-producing DNA construct develop lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma and provide an opportunity to study early stages of the disease as well as progression. In this study, we have karyotyped the bone marrow of 10 19-day-old BCR/ABL P190 transgenic mice from a line that reproducibly develops leukemia/lymphoma. Leukemic cells from 17 terminally ill transgenic founders and progeny were also karyotyped as well as bone marrow transplant recipients of leukemic donor marrow. Karyotypically visible aberrations were absent from the early stages of BCR/ABL P190-generated leukemia and normal metaphases could be found even in the terminal stages of the disease. A high frequency of aneuploidy was found in advanced leukemia, with a marked preference for the gain of mouse chromosomes 12, 14, or 17. These results point to a primary role for BCR/ABL in leukemogenesis and suggest a destabilizing effect of the BCR/ABL gene on the regulation of cell division.
Department of Pathology, Childrens Hospital of Los Angeles 90027.