Medline ® Abstract for Reference 182
Involvement of the AML1 gene in the t(3;21) in therapy-related leukemia and in chronic myeloid leukemia in blast crisis.
Nucifora G, Birn DJ, Espinosa R 3rd, Erickson P, LeBeau MM, Roulston D, McKeithan TW, Drabkin H, Rowley JD
A nonrandom translocation between chromosomes 3 and 21, t(3;21)(q26.2;q22) has been detected in patients with a myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukemia after treatment (t-MDS/t-AML) for a primary malignant disease and in chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast crisis (CML-BC). In these patients, the breakpoint on chromosome 21 is at band 21q22. This band is also involved in the t(8;21)(q22;q22) detected in 40% of the patients with acute myeloid leukemia subtype M2 (AML-M2) de novo who have an abnormal karyotype. In the t(8;21), the AML1 gene is the site of the breakpoint on chromosome 21. The AML1 gene is transcribed from telomere to centromere, and in the t(8;21) the 5' part of AML1 is fused to the ETO gene on chromosome 8 to produce the chimeric AML1/ETO on the der(8) chromosome. We found that AML1 is also rearranged in two t-AML patients and in one CML-BC patient with the t(3;21), but the breakpoints are approximately 40 to 60 kb downstream to those of AML-M2 patients. This region contains at least one additional exon of AML1, as determined by using an AML1 cDNA as a probe in Southern blot analysis. The t(3;21) breakpoints for the remaining patients could not be determined because, by fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis, the breaks are outside of the region covered by the available probes.
Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, IL.