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Vitamin D deficiency in adults: Definition, clinical manifestations, and treatment


Bess Dawson-Hughes, MD

Senior Scientist and Director

Bone Metabolism Laboratory

Tufts University

Section Editors

Marc K Drezner, MD

Section Editor — Bone Disease

Professor of Medicine

University of Wisconsin Medical School

Clifford J Rosen, MD

Section Editor — Bone Disease

Professor of Nutrition

University of Maine

Professor of Medicine

Tufts University School of Medicine

Deputy Editor

Jean E Mulder, MD

Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate

Deputy Editor — Endocrinology

Instructor in Medicine

Harvard Medical School

Peer Reviewer

Reviewers are not identified on topic reviews to preserve anonymity