UpToDate
Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Vitamin D deficiency in adults: Definition, clinical manifestations, and treatment

Author

Bess Dawson-Hughes, MD

Senior Scientist and Director

Bone Metabolism Laboratory

Tufts University

Section Editors

Marc K Drezner, MD

Section Editor — Bone Disease

Professor of Medicine

University of Wisconsin Medical School

Clifford J Rosen, MD

Section Editor — Bone Disease

Professor of Nutrition

University of Maine

Professor of Medicine

Tufts University School of Medicine

Deputy Editor

Jean E Mulder, MD

Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate

Deputy Editor — Endocrinology

Instructor in Medicine

Harvard Medical School

Peer Reviewer

Reviewers are not identified on topic reviews to preserve anonymity