Medline ® Abstract for Reference 15
of 'Vaginal cuff dehiscence after hysterectomy'
Vaginal evisceration after hysterectomy: a literature review.
Ramirez PT, Klemer DP
Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2002;57(7):462.
The purpose of this review is to highlight the risk factors, clinical presentation, and different surgical management options for vaginal evisceration after vaginal, abdominal, or laparoscopic hysterectomy. We identified all reports of vaginal evisceration after these procedures using sources in the literature from 1900 to the present. We found that a total of 59 patients were reported, 37 (63%) had a prior vaginal hysterectomy, 19 (32%) had a prior abdominal hysterectomy (2 of which were radical hysterectomy), and 3 (5%) had a prior laparoscopic hysterectomy. The majority of these patients were postmenopausal women. Also, the precipitating event was most often sexual intercourse in premenopausal patients and increased intra-abdominal pressure in postmenopausal patients. In addition, the small bowel was the most common organ to eviscerate. Most of the patients presented with vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, or a protruding mass. We conclude that vaginal evisceration after hysterectomy remains a rare event. It is more often seen after vaginal hysterectomy than after other types of hysterectomy. It can also occur spontaneously or following trauma or vaginal instrumentation, or any event that increases intra-abdominal pressure. Vaginal evisceration represents a surgical emergency, and the approach to therapy for it may be abdominal, vaginal or a combination of the two.
Department of Gynecologic Oncology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org