Uvulitis refers to inflammation of the uvula, which results most commonly from infection or trauma. Acute infection of the uvula should be suspected when the uvula is the most inflamed structure in the posterior pharynx of a febrile patient . Infectious uvulitis usually occurs in the context of pharyngitis; it is uncommon for the uvula to be the only or predominant focus of infection (picture 1).
The epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of uvulitis will be reviewed here. Epiglottitis, pharyngitis, and deep neck space infections are discussed separately.
●(See "Epiglottitis (supraglottitis): Clinical features and diagnosis" and "Epiglottitis (supraglottitis): Treatment and prevention".)
●(See "Evaluation of sore throat in children" and "Approach to diagnosis of acute infectious pharyngitis in children and adolescents" and "Evaluation of acute pharyngitis in adults".)
●(See "Retropharyngeal infections in children" and "Peritonsillar cellulitis and abscess" and "Deep neck space infections".)