Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Medline ® Abstract for Reference 80

of 'Use of intracoronary stents for specific coronary lesions'

Comparison of effectiveness of bare metal stents versus drug-eluting stents in large (>or =3.5 mm) coronary arteries.
Steinberg DH, Mishra S, Javaid A, Slottow TL, Buch AN, Roy P, Okabe T, Smith KA, Torguson R, Xue Z, Pichard AD, Satler LF, Kent KM, Suddath WO, Waksman R
Am J Cardiol. 2007;99(5):599. Epub 2007 Jan 4.
Drug-eluting stents (DESs) are superior to bare metal stents (BMSs) in decreasing restenosis rates across a wide range of patient and lesion subsets. However, widespread utilization of DESs raises concerns with regard to risks of prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy, the potential for late adverse events such as late thrombosis, and cost. Vessel diameter and lesion length have been previously identified as predictors for restenosis for DESs and BMSs. This study compared the clinical outcomes of DESs versus BMSs in large coronary arteries (>or =3.5 mm). A cohort of 233 patients who underwent single-vessel angioplasty with DES implantation in large vessels was compared with 233 propensity-matched patients who received BMSs in vessels with similar reference vessel diameters. Clinical outcomes at 30 days, 6 months, and 1 year were compared between groups. Baseline clinical and procedural characteristics were similar. Target lesion revascularization and target vessel revascularization rates and the incidence of major adverse cardiac events were low and comparable between the 2 groups at all follow-up intervals. At 1 year, the primary outcome occurred in 8.5% of patients with DESs and 7.7% of patients with BMSs (p = 0.80). There were no episodes of subacute stent thrombosis or late thrombosis in either group. In conclusion, implantation of DESs in large coronary arteries confers no additional benefit compared with BMSs, and the 2 approaches are associated with equally favorable clinical outcomes at 1 year.
Division of Cardiology, Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, USA.