Use of glucocorticoids in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
- James R O'Dell, MD
James R O'Dell, MD
- Section Editor — Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Bruce Professor and Vice Chairman Internal Medicine
- University of Nebraska Medical Center
- Eric L Matteson, MD, MPH
Eric L Matteson, MD, MPH
- Section Editor — Treatment Issues in Rheumatology
- Division of Rheumatology
- Professor of Medicine
- Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
- Section Editor
- Ravinder N Maini, BA, MB BChir, FRCP, FMedSci, FRS
Ravinder N Maini, BA, MB BChir, FRCP, FMedSci, FRS
- Section Editor — Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Emeritus Professor of Rheumatology, Imperial College London
- Visiting Professor, Oxford University
In the early 1950s, Hench and colleagues earned a Nobel Prize in medicine and physiology for discovering the dramatic beneficial effect of cortisone on a patient incapacitated by rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Since that time, the exact role of glucocorticoids in the treatment of RA has generated considerable debate.
Glucocorticoids exert both antiinflammatory and immunosuppressive effects via several mechanisms  (see "Glucocorticoid effects on the immune system"). Among those pertinent to patients with RA are the following:
●Inhibition of prostaglandin and leukotriene synthesis
●Reductions in macrophage phagocytosis, in interleukin (IL)-1 secretion, and in the number of circulating monocytes
●Inhibition of the release of collagenase and lysosomal enzymes
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