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Tympanostomy tube otorrhea in children: Causes, prevention, and management

Glenn C Isaacson, MD, FAAP
Section Editors
Anna H Messner, MD
Sheldon L Kaplan, MD
Deputy Editor
Carrie Armsby, MD, MPH


Tympanostomy tube otorrhea (TTO) may occur immediately after tube insertion from an existing infection in the middle ear (acute otitis media [AOM]), or later, with subsequent middle-ear infections or infectious processes in the ear canal.

The prevention and management of TTO in children is discussed here. An overview of tympanostomy tube placement, medical care of children with tympanostomy tubes, acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, and chronic suppurative otitis media are presented separately:

(See "Overview of tympanostomy tube placement, postoperative care, and complications in children".)

(See "Acute otitis media in children: Diagnosis".)

(See "Acute otitis media in children: Treatment".)


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Literature review current through: Sep 2016. | This topic last updated: Aug 1, 2016.
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