Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Medline ® Abstract for Reference 53

of 'Treatment regimens for Helicobacter pylori'

Anti-inflammatory effects of pravastatin on Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis in mice.
Yamato M, Watanabe T, Higuchi K, Taira K, Tanigawa T, Shiba M, Tominaga K, Fujiwara Y, Oshitani N, Takeuchi K, Arakawa T
Dig Dis Sci. 2007;52(10):2833.
Pravastatin, an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, exerts anti-inflammatory effects via several mechanisms including induction of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). We investigated the effect of pravastatin on Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis in mice. Mice with or without H. pylori infection received intraperitoneal pravastatin daily for 1 week. Expression of eNOS mRNA and tumor necrosis factor-alpha mRNA and myeloperoxidase activity in gastric tissue was determined. Myeloperoxidase activity was reduced in a dose-dependent manner by pravastatin, with activity inhibited by 53.5 and 73.7% at doses of 0.3 and 1 mg/kg, respectively. At a dose of 1 mg/kg, pravastatin reduced the level of tumor necrosis factor-alpha mRNA by 52.7%, while it did not affect eNOS expression. Pravastatin had no effects on these inflammatory parameters in uninfected mice. Pravastatin did not affect the viability of H. pylori. In conclusion, pravastatin exerts an anti-inflammatory effect on H. pylori-induced gastritis in mice without affecting eNOS expression.
Department of Gastroenterology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahimachi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan.