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Treatment, prognosis, and prevention of Listeria monocytogenes infection

Michael S Gelfand, MD
Section Editors
Daniel J Sexton, MD
Morven S Edwards, MD
Deputy Editor
Anna R Thorner, MD


Listeria monocytogenes is an important bacterial pathogen in neonates, immunosuppressed patients, older adults, pregnant women, and, occasionally, previously healthy individuals. The importance of underlying diseases was illustrated in a series of 165 adults with culture-proven Listeria infection: 69 percent of cases in nonpregnant adults occurred in patients with cancer, AIDS, organ transplant recipients, or corticosteroid therapy [1].

The treatment and prognosis of listerial infection will be reviewed here. The epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis of listerial infection are discussed separately. (See "Epidemiology and pathogenesis of Listeria monocytogenes infection" and "Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of Listeria monocytogenes infection".)


Treatment varies with the different clinical syndromes of listerial infection:

Febrile gastroenteritis

Infection in pregnancy

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Jul 27, 2016.
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