Medline ® Abstract for Reference 68

of 'Treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis in adults'

68
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Three times weekly glatiramer acetate in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.
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Khan O, Rieckmann P, Boyko A, Selmaj K, Zivadinov R, GALA Study Group
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Ann Neurol. 2013 Jun;73(6):705-13. Epub 2013 Jun 28.
 
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of glatiramer acetate (GA) 40mg administered 3×weekly (tiw) compared with placebo in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS).
METHODS: This randomized, double-blind study was conducted in 142 sites in 17 countries. Patients with RRMS with at least 1 documented relapse in the 12 months before screening, or at least 2 documented relapses in the 24 months before screening, and an Expanded Disability Status Scale score≤5.5, were randomized 2:1 to receive either subcutaneous (sc) GA 40mg tiw (1ml) or placebo for 12 months.
RESULTS: Of 1,524 patients screened, 1,404 were randomized to receive GA 40mg sc tiw (n = 943) or placebo (n = 461). Ninety-three percent and 91% of patients in the placebo and GA groups, respectively, completed the 12-month study. GA 40mg tiw was associated with a 34.0% reduction in risk of confirmed relapses compared with placebo (mean annualized relapse rate = 0.331 vs 0.505; p<0.0001). Patients who received GA 40mg tiw experienced highly significant reduction (p<0.0001) in the cumulative number of gadolinium-enhancing T1 (44.8%) and new or newly enlarging T2 lesions (34.7%) at months 6 and 12. GA 40mg tiw was safe and well tolerated. The most common adverse events in the GA group were injection site reactions (35.5% with GA vs 5.0% with placebo).
INTERPRETATION: GA 40mg sc tiw is a safe and effective regimen for the treatment of RRMS, providing the convenience of fewer sc injections per week.
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Department of Neurology and Multiple Sclerosis Center, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. okhan@med.wayne.edu
PMID