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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 56

of 'Treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma'

Salvage therapy for multiple myeloma with thalidomide and CED chemotherapy.
Moehler TM, Neben K, Benner A, Egerer G, Krasniqi F, Ho AD, Goldschmidt H
Blood. 2001;98(13):3846.
The feasibility and efficacy of a combination of thalidomide, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, and dexamethasone were studied in 56 patients with poor-prognosis multiple myeloma. Of 50 patients evaluable for response, 4% achieved complete response (CR), 64% partial response (PR), 18% minimal response (MR), 6% stable disease (SD), and 8% progressive disease (PD), resulting in an objective response rate (>or = MR) of 86.0% (76.7% overall objective response rate in intent-to-treat analysis; n = 56). Subsequent to successful remission induction, 18 patients received autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplantation. The median progression-free survival in all patients was 16 months. The median overall survival time could not be calculated, since the last observed death occurred after 16 months of follow-up (median follow-up of 14 months) with a corresponding estimated survival probability of 55%. Severe adverse effects (World Health Organization III/IV) included infectious complications (35.7%) and cardiovascular events (7.1%). The data suggest that Thal improves antitumor activity of salvage chemotherapy regimens in poor-prognosis multiple myeloma.
University of Heidelberg, Department of Hematology/Oncology/ Rheumatology, Germany. thomas_moehler@med.uni-heidelberg.de