Medline ® Abstract for Reference 119
of 'Treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma'
Phase I study of 30-minute infusion of carfilzomib as single agent or in combination with low-dose dexamethasone in patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma.
Papadopoulos KP, Siegel DS, Vesole DH, Lee P, Rosen ST, Zojwalla N, Holahan JR, Lee S, Wang Z, Badros A
J Clin Oncol. 2015;33(7):732.
PURPOSE: Carfilzomib is an irreversible inhibitor of the constitutive proteasome and immunoproteasome. This phase I study evaluated the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of carfilzomib administered as a 30-minute intravenous (IV) infusion. Safety and efficacy of carfilzomib as a single agent or in combination with low-dose dexamethasone were assessed.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (MM) were administered single-agent carfilzomib on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, and 16 of a 28-day cycle. Cycle one day 1 and 2 doses were 20 mg/m(2), followed thereafter by dose escalation to 36, 45, 56, or 70 mg/m(2). Additionally, carfilzomib was combined with low-dose dexamethasone (40 mg/wk).
RESULTS: Thirty-three patients were treated with single-agent carfilzomib. Dose-limiting toxicities in two patients at 70 mg/m(2) were renal tubular necrosis and proteinuria (both grade 3). The MTD was 56 mg/m(2). Nausea (51.5%), fatigue (51.5%), pyrexia (42.4%), and dyspnea and thrombocytopenia (each 39.4%) were the most common treatment-related toxicities. Overall response rate (ORR) was 50% (56-mg/m(2) cohort). Increasing carfilzomib dosing from 20 to 56 mg/m(2) resulted in higher area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to last sampling and maximum plasma concentration exposure with short half-life (range, 0.837 to 1.21 hours) and dose-dependent inhibition of proteasome chymotrypsin-like activity. In 22 patients treated with 45 or 56 mg/m(2) of carfilzomib plus low-dose dexamethasone, the ORR was 55% with a safety profile comparable to that of single-agent carfilzomib.
CONCLUSION: Carfilzomib administered as a 30-minute IV infusion at 56 mg/m(2) (as single agent or with low-dose dexamethasone) was generally well tolerated and highly active in patients with relapsed and/or refractory MM. These data have provided the basis for the phase III randomized, multicenter trial ENDEAVOR.
Kyriakos P. Papadopoulos and Joseph R. Holahan, South Texas Accelerated Research Therapeutics, San Antonio, TX; David S. Siegel and David H. Vesole, John Theurer Cancer Center, Hackensack, NJ; Peter Lee, Tower Cancer Research Foundation, Beverly Hills; Naseem Zojwalla, Susan Lee, and Zhengping Wang, Onyx Pharmaceuticals, South San Francisco, CA; Steven T. Rosen, Northwestern Medical Center, Chicago, IL; and Ashraf Badros, Greenebaum Cancer Center, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD. email@example.com.